Four new neutral N,N imidoyl-indazole ligands (L1, L3, L6, L7) and six new Pt(II)-based complexes (C1–5 and C7) were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and spectrometric techniques. Additionally, compounds L6, L7, C3, C5 and C7 were analyzed using X-ray diffraction. An evaluation of cytotoxicity and cell death in vitro for both ligands and complexes was performed by colorimetric assay and flow cytometry, in four cancer cell lines and VERO cells as the control, respectively. Cytotoxicity and selectivity demonstrated by each compound were dependent on the cancer cell line assayed. IC50 values of complexes C1–5 and C7 were lower than those exhibited for the reference drug cisplatin, and selectivity of these complexes was in general terms greater than cisplatin on three cancer cell lines studied. In HL60 cells, complexes C1 and C5 exhibited the lowest values of IC50 and were almost five times more selective than cisplatin. Flow cytometry results suggest that each complex predominantly induced necrosis, and its variant necroptosis, instead of apoptosis in all cancer cell lines studied. DNA binding assays, using agarose gel electrophoresis and UV–visible spectrophotometry studies, displayed a strong interaction only between C4 and DNA. In fact, theoretical calculations showed that C4-DNA binding complex was the most thermodynamic favorable interaction among the complexes in study. Overall, induction of cell death by dependent and independent-DNA-metal compound interactions were possible using imidoyl-indazole Pt(II) complexes as anticancer agents.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Química inorgánica