This study proposes a design of a household waste collection system based on a two-stage procedure. First, the bin location-allocation problem is solved by selecting collection sites from a set of potential sites, and determining the type and number of bins at each selected collection site. Second, bin-to-bin waste collection routes are obtained for a fleet of homogeneous vehicles that are restricted by either work shift duration or vehicle capacity. Mixed integer linear programming (MILP) models are proposed for both stages, considering the particular characteristics of the problem. The models are applied to a real-world instance in the commune of Renca in Santiago, Chile. The results of first stage indicate an important preference for small bins since they have a lower unitary cost. Due to the large size of the real instance, a Large Neighborhood Search (LNS) heuristic is used in the second stage to find good feasible vehicle routing solutions in a reasonable period of time. The results for the routing phase suggest a larger number of routes in the morning work shift since these routes have shorter distances. The LNS heuristic presents a satisfactory behavior when compared to the MILP model with small instances. The proposed bin-to-bin household waste collection vehicle routing presents a more efficient solution than the existing door-to-door waste collection in the commune of Renca with respect to the total daily traveled distance and the average work shift duration. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is presented and discussed for both models.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Gestión y eliminación de residuos