Multi-finger synergies and the muscular apparatus of the hand

Cristian Cuadra, Angelo Bartsch, Paula Tiemann, Sasha Reschechtko, Mark L. Latash

Resultado de la investigación: Article

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

We explored whether the synergic control of the hand during multi-finger force production tasks depends on the hand muscles involved. Healthy subjects performed accurate force production tasks and targeted force pulses while pressing against loops positioned at the level of fingertips, middle phalanges, and proximal phalanges. This varied the involvement of the extrinsic and intrinsic finger flexors. The framework of the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) hypothesis was used to analyze the structure of inter-trial variance, motor equivalence, and anticipatory synergy adjustments prior to the force pulse in the spaces of finger forces and finger modes (hypothetical finger-specific control signals). Subjects showed larger maximal force magnitudes at the proximal site of force production. There were synergies stabilizing total force during steady-state phases across all three sites of force production; no differences were seen across the sites in indices of structure of variance, motor equivalence, or anticipatory synergy adjustments. Indices of variance, which did not affect the task (within the UCM), correlated with motor equivalent motion between the steady states prior to and after the force pulse; in contrast, variance affecting task performance did not correlate with non-motor equivalent motion. The observations are discussed within the framework of hierarchical control with referent coordinates for salient effectors at each level. The findings suggest that multi-finger synergies are defined at the level of abundant transformation between the low-dimensional hand level and higher dimensional finger level while being relatively immune to transformations between the finger level and muscle level. The results also support the scheme of control with two classes of neural variables that define referent coordinates and gains in back-coupling loops between hierarchical control levels.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-11
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónExperimental Brain Research
Volumen236
N.º5
DOI
EstadoAccepted/In press - 12 mar 2018

Huella dactilar

Fingers
Hand
Social Adjustment
Advisory Committees
Muscles
Task Performance and Analysis
Healthy Volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Citar esto

Cuadra, C., Bartsch, A., Tiemann, P., Reschechtko, S., & Latash, M. L. (Aceptado/En prensa). Multi-finger synergies and the muscular apparatus of the hand. Experimental Brain Research, 236(5), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-018-5231-5
Cuadra, Cristian ; Bartsch, Angelo ; Tiemann, Paula ; Reschechtko, Sasha ; Latash, Mark L. / Multi-finger synergies and the muscular apparatus of the hand. En: Experimental Brain Research. 2018 ; Vol. 236, N.º 5. pp. 1-11.
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Cuadra, C, Bartsch, A, Tiemann, P, Reschechtko, S & Latash, ML 2018, 'Multi-finger synergies and the muscular apparatus of the hand', Experimental Brain Research, vol. 236, n.º 5, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-018-5231-5

Multi-finger synergies and the muscular apparatus of the hand. / Cuadra, Cristian; Bartsch, Angelo; Tiemann, Paula; Reschechtko, Sasha; Latash, Mark L.

En: Experimental Brain Research, Vol. 236, N.º 5, 12.03.2018, p. 1-11.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-finger synergies and the muscular apparatus of the hand

AU - Cuadra, Cristian

AU - Bartsch, Angelo

AU - Tiemann, Paula

AU - Reschechtko, Sasha

AU - Latash, Mark L.

PY - 2018/3/12

Y1 - 2018/3/12

N2 - We explored whether the synergic control of the hand during multi-finger force production tasks depends on the hand muscles involved. Healthy subjects performed accurate force production tasks and targeted force pulses while pressing against loops positioned at the level of fingertips, middle phalanges, and proximal phalanges. This varied the involvement of the extrinsic and intrinsic finger flexors. The framework of the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) hypothesis was used to analyze the structure of inter-trial variance, motor equivalence, and anticipatory synergy adjustments prior to the force pulse in the spaces of finger forces and finger modes (hypothetical finger-specific control signals). Subjects showed larger maximal force magnitudes at the proximal site of force production. There were synergies stabilizing total force during steady-state phases across all three sites of force production; no differences were seen across the sites in indices of structure of variance, motor equivalence, or anticipatory synergy adjustments. Indices of variance, which did not affect the task (within the UCM), correlated with motor equivalent motion between the steady states prior to and after the force pulse; in contrast, variance affecting task performance did not correlate with non-motor equivalent motion. The observations are discussed within the framework of hierarchical control with referent coordinates for salient effectors at each level. The findings suggest that multi-finger synergies are defined at the level of abundant transformation between the low-dimensional hand level and higher dimensional finger level while being relatively immune to transformations between the finger level and muscle level. The results also support the scheme of control with two classes of neural variables that define referent coordinates and gains in back-coupling loops between hierarchical control levels.

AB - We explored whether the synergic control of the hand during multi-finger force production tasks depends on the hand muscles involved. Healthy subjects performed accurate force production tasks and targeted force pulses while pressing against loops positioned at the level of fingertips, middle phalanges, and proximal phalanges. This varied the involvement of the extrinsic and intrinsic finger flexors. The framework of the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) hypothesis was used to analyze the structure of inter-trial variance, motor equivalence, and anticipatory synergy adjustments prior to the force pulse in the spaces of finger forces and finger modes (hypothetical finger-specific control signals). Subjects showed larger maximal force magnitudes at the proximal site of force production. There were synergies stabilizing total force during steady-state phases across all three sites of force production; no differences were seen across the sites in indices of structure of variance, motor equivalence, or anticipatory synergy adjustments. Indices of variance, which did not affect the task (within the UCM), correlated with motor equivalent motion between the steady states prior to and after the force pulse; in contrast, variance affecting task performance did not correlate with non-motor equivalent motion. The observations are discussed within the framework of hierarchical control with referent coordinates for salient effectors at each level. The findings suggest that multi-finger synergies are defined at the level of abundant transformation between the low-dimensional hand level and higher dimensional finger level while being relatively immune to transformations between the finger level and muscle level. The results also support the scheme of control with two classes of neural variables that define referent coordinates and gains in back-coupling loops between hierarchical control levels.

KW - Anticipatory synergy adjustment

KW - Finger

KW - Hand

KW - Motor equivalence

KW - Referent coordinate

KW - Synergy

KW - Uncontrolled manifold

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U2 - 10.1007/s00221-018-5231-5

DO - 10.1007/s00221-018-5231-5

M3 - Article

VL - 236

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Experimental Brain Research

JF - Experimental Brain Research

SN - 0014-4819

IS - 5

ER -