Molecular basis of early stages of Clostridium difficile infection: Germination and colonization

Mahfuzur R. Sarker, Daniel Paredes-Sabja

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisión

25 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs) occur when antibiotic therapy disrupts the gastrointestinal flora, favoring infected C. difficile spores to germinate, outgrow, colonize and produce toxins. During CDI, C. difficile vegetative cells initiate the process of sporulation allowing a fraction of the spores to remain adhered to the intestinal surfaces. These spores, which are unaffected by antibiotic therapy commonly used for CDIs, then germinate, outgrow and recolonize the hosts GI tract causing relapse of CDI. Consequently, the germination and colonization processes can be considered as the earliest and most essential steps for the development as well as relapse of CDI. The aim of this review is to provide an overview on the molecular basis involved in C. difficile spore germination and colonization.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)933-943
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónFuture Microbiology
Volumen7
N.º8
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ago 2012

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Microbiología
  • Microbiología (médica)

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