Molecular analysis of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates from salmonid farms in Chile

R. Avendaño-Herrera, P. Araya, J. Fernández

Resultado de la investigación: Article

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using different restriction enzymes was used for examining the genetic variability within Chilean Flavobacterium psychrophilum field strains isolated from farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Clustering of the Sacl restriction patterns distinguished the Chilean isolates in two genetic groups that were strongly related to the host origin of the isolates (trout or salmon). When the Dice coefficient was applied the similarity between the two clusters was of 87.5%. Restriction digest patterns resolved by endonucleases Blnl and XhoI did not differentiate the Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates as shown with SacI; trout isolates were clustered together with Atlantic salmon strains. An average band similarity of 83.2 ± 1.3% was found between all Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates with both endonucleases. PFGE, regardless of the endonuclease employed, was able to clearly distinguish Chilean F psychrophilum from the type strain ATCC 49418 T and the Scottish isolate B97026. The results obtained in this work corroborate the existence of a great similarity within this group of Chilean F. psychrophilum strains, indicating that the disease outbreaks in Chilean farms are dominated by a closely related cluster of strains.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)184-192
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónBulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists
Volumen29
N.º6
EstadoPublished - 2009

Huella dactilar

Flavobacterium psychrophilum
Flavobacterium
Salmo salar
Chile
molecular analysis
salmonid
electrokinesis
gel
Trout
Endonucleases
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis
farm
farms
rainbow
pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
Salmon
trout
enzyme
Disease Outbreaks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Small Animals

Citar esto

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title = "Molecular analysis of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates from salmonid farms in Chile",
abstract = "Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using different restriction enzymes was used for examining the genetic variability within Chilean Flavobacterium psychrophilum field strains isolated from farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Clustering of the Sacl restriction patterns distinguished the Chilean isolates in two genetic groups that were strongly related to the host origin of the isolates (trout or salmon). When the Dice coefficient was applied the similarity between the two clusters was of 87.5{\%}. Restriction digest patterns resolved by endonucleases Blnl and XhoI did not differentiate the Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates as shown with SacI; trout isolates were clustered together with Atlantic salmon strains. An average band similarity of 83.2 ± 1.3{\%} was found between all Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates with both endonucleases. PFGE, regardless of the endonuclease employed, was able to clearly distinguish Chilean F psychrophilum from the type strain ATCC 49418 T and the Scottish isolate B97026. The results obtained in this work corroborate the existence of a great similarity within this group of Chilean F. psychrophilum strains, indicating that the disease outbreaks in Chilean farms are dominated by a closely related cluster of strains.",
author = "R. Avenda{\~n}o-Herrera and P. Araya and J. Fern{\'a}ndez",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular analysis of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates from salmonid farms in Chile

AU - Avendaño-Herrera, R.

AU - Araya, P.

AU - Fernández, J.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using different restriction enzymes was used for examining the genetic variability within Chilean Flavobacterium psychrophilum field strains isolated from farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Clustering of the Sacl restriction patterns distinguished the Chilean isolates in two genetic groups that were strongly related to the host origin of the isolates (trout or salmon). When the Dice coefficient was applied the similarity between the two clusters was of 87.5%. Restriction digest patterns resolved by endonucleases Blnl and XhoI did not differentiate the Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates as shown with SacI; trout isolates were clustered together with Atlantic salmon strains. An average band similarity of 83.2 ± 1.3% was found between all Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates with both endonucleases. PFGE, regardless of the endonuclease employed, was able to clearly distinguish Chilean F psychrophilum from the type strain ATCC 49418 T and the Scottish isolate B97026. The results obtained in this work corroborate the existence of a great similarity within this group of Chilean F. psychrophilum strains, indicating that the disease outbreaks in Chilean farms are dominated by a closely related cluster of strains.

AB - Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using different restriction enzymes was used for examining the genetic variability within Chilean Flavobacterium psychrophilum field strains isolated from farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Clustering of the Sacl restriction patterns distinguished the Chilean isolates in two genetic groups that were strongly related to the host origin of the isolates (trout or salmon). When the Dice coefficient was applied the similarity between the two clusters was of 87.5%. Restriction digest patterns resolved by endonucleases Blnl and XhoI did not differentiate the Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates as shown with SacI; trout isolates were clustered together with Atlantic salmon strains. An average band similarity of 83.2 ± 1.3% was found between all Chilean F. psychrophilum isolates with both endonucleases. PFGE, regardless of the endonuclease employed, was able to clearly distinguish Chilean F psychrophilum from the type strain ATCC 49418 T and the Scottish isolate B97026. The results obtained in this work corroborate the existence of a great similarity within this group of Chilean F. psychrophilum strains, indicating that the disease outbreaks in Chilean farms are dominated by a closely related cluster of strains.

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AN - SCOPUS:79955478078

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JO - Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists

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