Menarquia temprana y su asociación con conductas de riesgo en adolescentes

Ingrid F. Leal, Valeria A. Stuardo, Temístocles G. Molina, Electra A. González

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Puberty is not necessarily associated with an equivalent psychosocial development. The lack of maturity and characteristics of adolescence may promote the emergence of risk behaviors. Objective: To determine the association between age at menarche and presence of risk behaviors in adolescents. Method: Cross-sectional design study. The sample included postmenarchal adolescents. The instrument was a semistructured survey. Bivariate and multivariate descriptive analysis. Results: The sample consisted of 1844 adolescents, the median age was 16 years and 12 years for menarche. 57[%] came from middle socioeconomic level, 98[%] attended school and 52[%] lived with both parents. 35.1[%] had early menarche. Sexual abuse occurred in 26.0[%] in the group of early menarche and 21.4[%] for no early menarche. The onset of sexual activity before age 15 occurred in 39.4[%] and 22.3[%] of adolescents with early and no early menarche respectively (OR: 1.88; 95[%]CI: 1.46-2.43), associated with family dysfunction (OR: 2.08; 95[%]CI: 1.45-2.99) and absence of parents (OR: 1.74; 95[%]CI: 1.09-2.76). The frequency of alcohol consumption was associated with severe family dysfunction (OR: 2.00; 95[%]CI: 1.34-3.00). Conclusion: Early menarche was associated with early onset of sexual activity. It is important to promote safe behavior from an early age and escort girls in their maturation process.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEarly menarche and its association with risk behaviors in adolescents
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)41-47
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia
Volumen80
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2015
Publicado de forma externa

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ginecología y obstetricia

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