Los sentimientos y comportamientos negativos están asociados al bajo nivel nutricional, el estilo de vida poco saludable y factores de riesgo cardiometabólico en los escolares chilenos

Pedro Delgado-Floody, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Iris Paola Guzmán-Guzmán, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga, Alfonso Cofré-Lizama, Cristian Álvarez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: feelings and behaviours are an important tool that should be considered to prevent early unhealthy lifestyles. Objective: the objective was to determine the association between feelings (i.e., sadness, loneliness, and school behaviour) with lifestyle (i.e., physical activity patterns and nutritional level), and as secondary endpoint to determine the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lifestyle with obesity and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors in Latin American schoolchildren. Methods: this cross-sectional study included a sample of 634 schoolchildren (girls, n = 282, 11.86 ± 0.82 years, and boys, n = 352, 12.02 ± 0.87 years) from publics schools in Chile. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WtHR), body fat (BF), lifestyle, nutritional level, HRQoL, and CMR (i.e., WtHR > 0.5) were evaluated. Results: schoolchildren who have felt sadness and loneliness presented an association with low nutritional level (OR: 4.26, 95 % CI: 2.0-9.0, p < 0.001, and OR: 4.47, 95 % CI: 2.5-7.9, p < 0.001, respectively), bad lifestyle (OR: 2.14, 95 % CI: 1.0-4.54, p = 0.048, and OR: 1.78, 95 % CI: 1.01-3.1, p = 0.045, respectively), and obesity (OR: 2.0, 95 % CI; 0.89-4.54, p = 0.09, and OR: 2.05, 95 % CI; 1.04-4.0, p = 0.037, respectively). Schoolchildren who have had enough time for themselves reported an association with bad lifestyle (OR: 0.69, 95 % CI: 0.47-1.02, p = 0.06), and those who have could not pay attention presented the highest association with bad lifestyle (OR: 4.64, 95 % CI: 72-12.56, p = 0.002). Conclusion: Latin American schoolchildren who have felt sadness and loneliness reported unhealthy lifestyles (i.e., lower nutritional level, increased screen time, and low physical activity), obesity, and thus a higher CMR burden.

Título traducido de la contribuciónNegative feelings and behaviour are associated with low nutritional level, unhealthy lifestyle, and cardiometabolic risk factors in chilean schoolchildren
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)707-714
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen37
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul 2020

Palabras clave

  • Cardiometabolic risk
  • Lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Quality of life
  • Schoolchildren

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Nutrición y dietética

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