Local Host Adaptation and Use of a Novel Host in the Seed Beetle Megacerus eulophus

Gisela C. Stotz, Lorena H. Suárez, Wilfredo L. Gonzáles, Ernesto Gianoli

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

7 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Spatial variation in host plant availability may lead to specialization in host use and local host adaptation in herbivorous insects, which may involve a cost in performance on other hosts. We studied two geographically separated populations of the seed beetle Megacerus eulophus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in central Chile: a population from the host Convolvulus chilensis (in Aucó) and a population from C. bonariensis (in Algarrobo). In Aucó C. chilensis is the only host plant, while in Algarrobo both C. bonariensis and C. chilensis are available. We tested local adaptation to these native host plants and its influence on the use of another, exotic host plant. We hypothesized that local adaptation would be verified, particularly for the one-host population (Aucó), and that the Aucó population would be less able to use an alternative, high-quality host. We found evidence of local adaptation in the population from C. chilensis. Thus, when reared on C. chilensis, adults from the C. chilensis population were larger and lived longer than individuals from the C. bonariensis population, while bruchids from the two populations had the same body size and longevity when reared on C. bonariensis. Overall, bruchids from the C. chilensis population showed greater performance traits than those from the C. bonariensis population. There were no differences between the bruchid populations in their ability to use the alternative, exotic host Calystegia sepium, as shown by body size and longevity patterns. Results suggest that differences in local adaptation might be explained by differential host availability in the study populations.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe53892
PublicaciónPLoS ONE
Volumen8
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 17 ene. 2013
Publicado de forma externa

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Bioquímica, genética y biología molecular (todo)
  • Agricultura y biología (todo)
  • General

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