Lipopolysaccharide from Porphyromonas gingivalis, but Not from Porphyromonas endodontalis, Induces Macrophage M1 Profile

Pablo Veloso, Alejandra Fernández, Jessica Astorga, David González-Quintanilla, Alfredo Castro, Alejandro Escobar, Anilei Hoare, Marcela Hernández

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Apical Lesions of Endodontic Origin (ALEO) are initiated by polymicrobial endodontic canal infection. Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Porphyromonas endodontalis (Pe) lipopolysaccharides (LPS) can induce a pro-inflammatory macrophage response through their recognition by TLR2 and TLR4. However, polarization responses induced by Pg and/or Pe LPS in macrophages are not fully understood. We aimed to characterize the polarization profiles of macrophages differentiated from THP-1 cells following Pg and/or Pe LPS stimulation from reference strain and clinical isolates. A modified LPS purification protocol was implemented and the electrophoretic LPS profiles were characterized. THP-1 human monocytes differentiated to macrophages were stimulated with Pg and Pe LPS. Polarization profiles were characterized through cell surface markers and secreted cytokines levels after 24 h of stimulation. TLR2 and TLR4 cell surfaces and transcriptional levels were determined after 24 or 2 h of LPS stimulation, respectively. LPS from Pg induced a predominant M1 profile in macrophages evidenced by changes in the expression of the surface marker CD64 and pro-inflammatory cytokine profiles, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-12. Pe LPS was unable to induce a significant response. TLR2 and TLR4 expressions were neither modified by Pg or Pe LPS. Pg LPS, but not Pe LPS, induced a macrophage M1 Profile.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo10011
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volumen23
N.º17
DOI
EstadoPublicada - sept. 2022

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Catálisis
  • Biología molecular
  • Espectroscopia
  • Informática aplicada
  • Química física y teórica
  • Química orgánica
  • Química inorgánica

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