# Lines, Betweenness and Metric Spaces

Pierre Aboulker, Xiaomin Chen, Guangda Huzhang, Rohan Kapadia, Cathryn Supko

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

3 Citas (Scopus)

### Resumen

A classic theorem of Euclidean geometry asserts that any noncollinear set of n points in the plane determines at least n distinct lines. Chen and Chvátal conjectured that this holds for an arbitrary finite metric space, with a certain natural definition of lines in a metric space. We prove that in any metric space with n points, either there is a line containing all the points or there are at least Ω(n) lines. This is the first lower bound on the number of lines in general finite metric spaces that grows faster than logarithmically in the number of points. In the more general setting of pseudometric betweenness, we prove a corresponding bound of Ω (n2 / 5) lines. When the metric space is induced by a connected graph, we prove that either there is a line containing all the points or there are Ω (n4 / 7) lines, improving the previous Ω (n2 / 7) bound. We also prove that the number of lines in an n-point metric space is at least n / 5w, where w is the number of different distances in the space, and we give an Ω (n4 / 3) lower bound on the number of lines in metric spaces induced by graphs with constant diameter, as well as spaces where all the positive distances are from {1, 2, 3}.

Idioma original Inglés 427-448 22 Discrete and Computational Geometry 56 2 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-016-9806-2 Publicada - 1 sep 2016 Sí

### Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

• Ciencia computacional teórica
• Geometría y topología
• Matemáticas discretas y combinatorias
• Teoría computacional y matemáticas

• ## Citar esto

Aboulker, P., Chen, X., Huzhang, G., Kapadia, R., & Supko, C. (2016). Lines, Betweenness and Metric Spaces. Discrete and Computational Geometry, 56(2), 427-448. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-016-9806-2