Lessons from the genomes of extremely acidophilic bacteria and archaea with special emphasis on bioleaching microorganisms

Juan Pablo Cárdenas, Jorge Valdés, Raquel Quatrini, Francisco Duarte, David S. Holmes

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaEstudio breve

54 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This mini-review describes the current status of recent genome sequencing projects of extremely acidophilic microorganisms and highlights the most current scientific advances emerging from their analysis. There are now at least 56 draft or completely sequenced genomes of acidophiles including 30 bacteria and 26 archaea. There are also complete sequences for 38 plasmids, 29 viruses, and additional DNA sequence information of acidic environments is available from eight metagenomic projects. A special focus is provided on the genomics of acidophiles from industrial bioleaching operations. It is shown how this initial information provides a rich intellectual resource for microbiologists that has potential to open innovative and efficient research avenues. Examples presented illustrate the use of genomic information to construct preliminary models of metabolism of individual microorganisms. Most importantly, access to multiple genomes allows the prediction of metabolic and genetic interactions between members of the bioleaching microbial community (ecophysiology) and the investigation of major evolutionary trends that shape genome architecture and evolution. Despite these promising beginnings, a major conclusion is that the genome projects help focus attention on the tremendous effort still required to understand the biological principles that support life in extremely acidic environments, including those that might allow engineers to take appropriate action designed to improve the efficiency and rate of bioleaching and to protect the environment.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)605-620
Número de páginas16
PublicaciónApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volumen88
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 oct 2010

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Biotecnología
  • Microbiología y biotecnología aplicadas

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