Landscape features and crustacean prey as predictors of the Southern river otter distribution in Chile

M. A. Sepúlveda, J. L. Bartheld, C. Meynard, M. Benavides, C. Astorga, D. Parra, G. Medina-Vogel

Resultado de la investigación: Article

10 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Understanding the processes that affect freshwater ecosystems at the watershed level is fundamental for the conservation and management of river otters. During 2 consecutive years, we surveyed the occurrence of the Southern river otter . Lontra provocax and its main prey (crustaceans) in a watershed of 9900 km. 2 in the Chilean temperate forest. We modeled predator and prey distributions with a variety of statistical techniques by relating a set of environmental predictors to species occurrence records. Otter and crustaceans were associated with areas of intermediate to low human disturbance with a mosaic of riparian vegetation densities, mainly at low altitudes. The singularity of the Andean Range, with a very marked elevation gradient and oligotrophic watercourses in the higher areas, created more vulnerable conditions for otter presence because prey abundances were limited in those areas. Human impacts affected otter populations at a landscape scale through the presence of main roads, as these were mostly located in lower parts of the watershed where otters have their primary habitat. These results point to the importance of land management and protection of low-elevation areas where otters still occur to ensure the long-term viability of its freshwater populations.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)522-530
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónAnimal Conservation
Volumen12
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2009

Huella dactilar

crustacean
watershed
river
species occurrence
riparian vegetation
freshwater ecosystem
temperate forest
anthropogenic effect
land management
viability
predator
road
disturbance
habitat
distribution
watercourse
mosaic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Citar esto

Sepúlveda, M. A. ; Bartheld, J. L. ; Meynard, C. ; Benavides, M. ; Astorga, C. ; Parra, D. ; Medina-Vogel, G. / Landscape features and crustacean prey as predictors of the Southern river otter distribution in Chile. En: Animal Conservation. 2009 ; Vol. 12, N.º 6. pp. 522-530.
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Landscape features and crustacean prey as predictors of the Southern river otter distribution in Chile. / Sepúlveda, M. A.; Bartheld, J. L.; Meynard, C.; Benavides, M.; Astorga, C.; Parra, D.; Medina-Vogel, G.

En: Animal Conservation, Vol. 12, N.º 6, 2009, p. 522-530.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Landscape features and crustacean prey as predictors of the Southern river otter distribution in Chile

AU - Sepúlveda, M. A.

AU - Bartheld, J. L.

AU - Meynard, C.

AU - Benavides, M.

AU - Astorga, C.

AU - Parra, D.

AU - Medina-Vogel, G.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Understanding the processes that affect freshwater ecosystems at the watershed level is fundamental for the conservation and management of river otters. During 2 consecutive years, we surveyed the occurrence of the Southern river otter . Lontra provocax and its main prey (crustaceans) in a watershed of 9900 km. 2 in the Chilean temperate forest. We modeled predator and prey distributions with a variety of statistical techniques by relating a set of environmental predictors to species occurrence records. Otter and crustaceans were associated with areas of intermediate to low human disturbance with a mosaic of riparian vegetation densities, mainly at low altitudes. The singularity of the Andean Range, with a very marked elevation gradient and oligotrophic watercourses in the higher areas, created more vulnerable conditions for otter presence because prey abundances were limited in those areas. Human impacts affected otter populations at a landscape scale through the presence of main roads, as these were mostly located in lower parts of the watershed where otters have their primary habitat. These results point to the importance of land management and protection of low-elevation areas where otters still occur to ensure the long-term viability of its freshwater populations.

AB - Understanding the processes that affect freshwater ecosystems at the watershed level is fundamental for the conservation and management of river otters. During 2 consecutive years, we surveyed the occurrence of the Southern river otter . Lontra provocax and its main prey (crustaceans) in a watershed of 9900 km. 2 in the Chilean temperate forest. We modeled predator and prey distributions with a variety of statistical techniques by relating a set of environmental predictors to species occurrence records. Otter and crustaceans were associated with areas of intermediate to low human disturbance with a mosaic of riparian vegetation densities, mainly at low altitudes. The singularity of the Andean Range, with a very marked elevation gradient and oligotrophic watercourses in the higher areas, created more vulnerable conditions for otter presence because prey abundances were limited in those areas. Human impacts affected otter populations at a landscape scale through the presence of main roads, as these were mostly located in lower parts of the watershed where otters have their primary habitat. These results point to the importance of land management and protection of low-elevation areas where otters still occur to ensure the long-term viability of its freshwater populations.

KW - Crustaceans

KW - Distribution modeling

KW - GIS

KW - Lontra provocax

KW - Watershed

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