To enhance analgesia, combination of analgesics drugs of proven efficacy is a strategy which is accompanied by a reduction of adverse effects. The present study was undertaken to characterize the antinociceptive interaction of morphine with different non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) using isobolographic analysis and the writhing test of mice. One of the possible mechanisms of action of spinally administered morphine with non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs was investigated using the DOR antagonist naltrindole. The study demonstrated a synergistic antinociception of spinal administered combinations of morphine with the following NSAIDs agents: diclofenac, ketoprofen, meloxicam, metamizol, naproxen, nimesulide, parecoxib and piroxicam. The supraadditive effect seems to be independent of the selectivity of each NSAIDs to inhibit COX-1 or COX-2. The findings of the present work suggest that the combinations of opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have a direct action on spinal processing of the nociceptive information, which may achieved by additional mechanisms independent of prostaglandin synthesis inhibition and/or activation of opioid receptors. The lack of effect of naltrindole to modify the analgesic activity of the combination of opioids and NSAIDs indicates that others pain regulatory systems are involved in this central action. Therefore, these combinations could be a viable alternative to clinical pain management, especially trough multimodal analgesia.
|Páginas (de - a)||71-76|
|Número de páginas||6|
|Revista||Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Estado de la publicación||Published - jun 2009|
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