La malnutrición por exceso en niños-adolescentes y su impacto en el desarrollo de riesgo cardiometabólico y bajos niveles de rendimiento físico

Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Pedro Delgado Floody, Iris Paola Guzmán Guzmán, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Christian Campos Jara, Aldo Osorio Poblete

Resultado de la investigación: Article

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: in Chile, the increase of childhood obesity has become a pandemic, and it has become a major public health problem. Objective: the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in children-adolescents and to analyze its association with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance. Material and methods: 342 students participated in this investigation (191 men and 151 women), who were between 11 and 16 years old, was evaluated index of corporal mass (IMC), body mass percentage (BMP), waist contour (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and physical yield across multiple test. Results: the 3.2% of the children-adolescent had low weight, the 48.5% normal weight, 30.9% overweight and 17.3% were obese. The categories were analyzed as the presence or not of overweight and obesity. It was reported an inverse relationship between nutritional status and physical performance. School children with obesity, in comparison with those without, showed a significant increase in anthropometric measures, as well as a decrease in the physical performance (p<0.05). Cardiometabolic risk presented partnership with abdominal (OR=3.34, p=0.001), flexion of the elbow (OR=3.5, p=0.007), and Navette Test (OR=8.24, p=0.001). Conclusion: this investigation reported high levels of overweight and obesity in the study sample, associating this condition decreased cardio capacity, loss of functionality muscle and increase in the cardiometabolic risk.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)2576-2583
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen32
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2015

Huella dactilar

Malnutrition
Pediatric Obesity
Obesity
Child Nutrition Disorders
Weights and Measures
Chile
Pandemics
Elbow
Nutritional Status
Public Health
Students
Muscles
Waist-Height Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Citar esto

Navarrete, Felipe Caamaño ; Floody, Pedro Delgado ; Guzmán, Iris Paola Guzmán ; Mayorga, Daniel Jerez ; Jara, Christian Campos ; Poblete, Aldo Osorio. / La malnutrición por exceso en niños-adolescentes y su impacto en el desarrollo de riesgo cardiometabólico y bajos niveles de rendimiento físico. En: Nutricion Hospitalaria. 2015 ; Vol. 32, N.º 6. pp. 2576-2583.
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title = "La malnutrici{\'o}n por exceso en ni{\~n}os-adolescentes y su impacto en el desarrollo de riesgo cardiometab{\'o}lico y bajos niveles de rendimiento f{\'i}sico",
abstract = "Background: in Chile, the increase of childhood obesity has become a pandemic, and it has become a major public health problem. Objective: the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in children-adolescents and to analyze its association with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance. Material and methods: 342 students participated in this investigation (191 men and 151 women), who were between 11 and 16 years old, was evaluated index of corporal mass (IMC), body mass percentage (BMP), waist contour (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and physical yield across multiple test. Results: the 3.2{\%} of the children-adolescent had low weight, the 48.5{\%} normal weight, 30.9{\%} overweight and 17.3{\%} were obese. The categories were analyzed as the presence or not of overweight and obesity. It was reported an inverse relationship between nutritional status and physical performance. School children with obesity, in comparison with those without, showed a significant increase in anthropometric measures, as well as a decrease in the physical performance (p<0.05). Cardiometabolic risk presented partnership with abdominal (OR=3.34, p=0.001), flexion of the elbow (OR=3.5, p=0.007), and Navette Test (OR=8.24, p=0.001). Conclusion: this investigation reported high levels of overweight and obesity in the study sample, associating this condition decreased cardio capacity, loss of functionality muscle and increase in the cardiometabolic risk.",
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doi = "10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9888",
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La malnutrición por exceso en niños-adolescentes y su impacto en el desarrollo de riesgo cardiometabólico y bajos niveles de rendimiento físico. / Navarrete, Felipe Caamaño; Floody, Pedro Delgado; Guzmán, Iris Paola Guzmán; Mayorga, Daniel Jerez; Jara, Christian Campos; Poblete, Aldo Osorio.

En: Nutricion Hospitalaria, Vol. 32, N.º 6, 01.01.2015, p. 2576-2583.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - La malnutrición por exceso en niños-adolescentes y su impacto en el desarrollo de riesgo cardiometabólico y bajos niveles de rendimiento físico

AU - Navarrete, Felipe Caamaño

AU - Floody, Pedro Delgado

AU - Guzmán, Iris Paola Guzmán

AU - Mayorga, Daniel Jerez

AU - Jara, Christian Campos

AU - Poblete, Aldo Osorio

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Background: in Chile, the increase of childhood obesity has become a pandemic, and it has become a major public health problem. Objective: the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in children-adolescents and to analyze its association with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance. Material and methods: 342 students participated in this investigation (191 men and 151 women), who were between 11 and 16 years old, was evaluated index of corporal mass (IMC), body mass percentage (BMP), waist contour (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and physical yield across multiple test. Results: the 3.2% of the children-adolescent had low weight, the 48.5% normal weight, 30.9% overweight and 17.3% were obese. The categories were analyzed as the presence or not of overweight and obesity. It was reported an inverse relationship between nutritional status and physical performance. School children with obesity, in comparison with those without, showed a significant increase in anthropometric measures, as well as a decrease in the physical performance (p<0.05). Cardiometabolic risk presented partnership with abdominal (OR=3.34, p=0.001), flexion of the elbow (OR=3.5, p=0.007), and Navette Test (OR=8.24, p=0.001). Conclusion: this investigation reported high levels of overweight and obesity in the study sample, associating this condition decreased cardio capacity, loss of functionality muscle and increase in the cardiometabolic risk.

AB - Background: in Chile, the increase of childhood obesity has become a pandemic, and it has become a major public health problem. Objective: the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in children-adolescents and to analyze its association with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance. Material and methods: 342 students participated in this investigation (191 men and 151 women), who were between 11 and 16 years old, was evaluated index of corporal mass (IMC), body mass percentage (BMP), waist contour (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and physical yield across multiple test. Results: the 3.2% of the children-adolescent had low weight, the 48.5% normal weight, 30.9% overweight and 17.3% were obese. The categories were analyzed as the presence or not of overweight and obesity. It was reported an inverse relationship between nutritional status and physical performance. School children with obesity, in comparison with those without, showed a significant increase in anthropometric measures, as well as a decrease in the physical performance (p<0.05). Cardiometabolic risk presented partnership with abdominal (OR=3.34, p=0.001), flexion of the elbow (OR=3.5, p=0.007), and Navette Test (OR=8.24, p=0.001). Conclusion: this investigation reported high levels of overweight and obesity in the study sample, associating this condition decreased cardio capacity, loss of functionality muscle and increase in the cardiometabolic risk.

KW - Cardiometabolic risk

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

KW - Physical performance

KW - School

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