A 1.3-kb insertion sequence, termed ISAfe1 (U66426), from Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 19859 is described. ISAfe1 exhibits the features of a typical bacterial insertion sequence. It has 26-bp, imperfectly matched, terminal inverted repeats and an open reading frame (ORF) that potentially encodes a transposase (TPase) of 404 amino acids (AAB07489) with significant similarity to members of the ISL3 family of insertion sequences. A potential ribosome-binding site and potential -10 and -35 promoter sites for the TPase ORF were identified, and a +1 transcriptional start site was detected experimentally. A potential outwardly directed -35 site was identified in the right inverted repeat of ISAfe1. A second ORF (ORF B), of unknown function, was found on the complementary strand with significant similarity to ORF 2 of ISAe1 from Ralstonia eutropha. Southern blot analyses demonstrated that ISAfe1-like elements can be found in multiple copies in a variety of A. ferrooxidans strains and that they exhibit transposition. A codon adaptation index (CAI) analysis of the TPase of ISAfe1 indicates that is has a CAI of 0.726 and can be considered well adapted to its host, suggesting that ISAfe1 might be an ancient resident of A. ferrooxidans. Analysis of six of its target sites of insertion in the genome of A. ferrooxidans ATCC 19859 indicates a preference for 8-bp pseudopalindromic sequences, one of which resembles the termini of its inverted repeats. Evidence is presented here that is consistent with the possibility that ISAfe1 can promote both plasmid cointegrate formation and resolution in E. coli.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Microbiología y biotecnología aplicadas
- Biología molecular