We present observations and analysis of 18 stripped-envelope supernovae observed during 2013–2018. This sample consists of five H/He-rich SNe, six H-poor/He-rich SNe, three narrow lined SNe Ic, and four broad lined SNe Ic. The peak luminosity and characteristic time-scales of the bolometric light curves are calculated, and the light curves modelled to derive 56 Ni and ejecta masses (M Ni and M ej ). Additionally, the temperature evolution and spectral line velocity curves of each SN are examined. Analysis of the [O I] line in the nebular phase of eight SNe suggests their progenitors had initial masses <20 M. The bolometric light curve properties are examined in combination with those of other SE events from the literature. The resulting data set gives the M ej distribution for 80 SE–SNe, the largest such sample in the literature to date, and shows that SNe Ib have the lowest median M ej , followed by narrow-lined SNe Ic, H/He-rich SNe, broad-lined SNe Ic, and finally gamma-ray burst SNe. SNe Ic-6/7 show the largest spread of M ej ranging from ∼1.2–11 M, considerably greater than any other subtype. For all SE–SNe <M ej > = 2.8 ± 1.5 M which further strengthens the evidence that SE–SNe arise from low-mass progenitors which are typically <5 M at the time of explosion, again suggesting M ZAMS <25 M. The low <M ej > and lack of clear bimodality in the distribution implies <30 M progenitors and that envelope stripping via binary interaction is the dominant evolutionary pathway of these SNe.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Astronomía y astrofísica
- Ciencias planetarias y espacial