In marine invertebrates, the bioenergetic fuel available for fundamental physiological processes (growth, reproduction) may present intra-individual variability depending on the storage organ, sex and state of sexual maturity. This variability is considered relevant information for fishery management. In the squid Dosidicus gigas, an important fishery resource, we analyzed adult males (immature vs. mature) and females (immature I vs. immature II) off the coast of Chile. Their bioenergetic fuel (protein, glucose, lipid and fatty acid content-FAs) was quantified in different organs of the body (digestive gland, gonad and mantle). When comparing the organs of males at both stages of maturity, a greater amount of glucose and lipids were observed in the digestive gland than in the gonad and mantle, while a higher protein content was recorded in the gonad. In turn, the same tendency of biochemical variations among the organs was observed for the female at both stages. Regarding the FA profiles of the analyzed organs, the digestive gland had the highest mean proportion of FAs. However, no significant differences were observed related to sex and sexual maturity. According to the multivariate analyses for both sexes and maturity stages, the FA profiles of the mantle and gonad showed overlap and a high similarity, while the profile of the digestive gland was completely dissimilar. Our findings indicate that D. gigas from Chilean coastal waters showed, mainly in the digestive gland, high levels of all biochemical constituents, which are obtained through food and stored in their organs as bioenergetic fuel, and may then be used for the subsequent process of migration and reproduction in oceanic waters.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Ecología, evolución, comportamiento y sistemática
- Ciencias acuáticas