Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT)/periodic DFT calculations were performed to determine the role of pro-aromatic organic D-A-π-A type dyes (the NL1-NL17 family) with Thieno[3,4-b]pyrazine (Tpy) as A acceptor group into dye-sensitized solar-cells (DSSC). This work presents a discussion of the ground and excited states of these dyes along with the aromaticity analysis and the electron injection step using a dye@(TiO2)72 model. The results suggest that the pro-aromatic behavior increases from the thiophene ring to the pyrazine when an acceptor π-bridge such as phenyl is used. This strong pro-aromaticity is also reflected in the electron injection step, studied using a 3x2 3 layer (TiO2)72 slab model. The resulting adsorption energies (ΔEads and ΔGads) and the electron injection (ΔGinject) in the stablest coordination mode, Bid_CN_COOH, indicate that the redox reaction (Dye* ➔ Dye+ + e−) is stronger and more spon than the adsorption reaction (Dye+ + TiO2 [+e−] ➔ Dye@TiO2) in the electron injection. In this way, the highest efficiency of NL6 and NL12 is a consequence of the more significant pro-aromatic characteristics and the more spontaneous redox process. Finally, these NL dyes are promising in the molecular engineering of D-A-π-A metal-free types dyes.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Óptica y física atómica y molecular
- Física de la materia condensada
- Química física y teórica