Insatisfacción con la imagen corporal y su relación con el estado nutricional, riesgo cardiometabólico y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria en niños pertenecientes a centros educativos públicos

Pedro Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. Aim: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. Material and methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11.29 ± 0.69 years) and 174 boys (11.22 ± 0.72 years). Anthropometric data were collected: BMI, percentage of body fat (%BF), waist circumference (WC), height-to-weight ratio (HWR), VO2max and body image. Results: In the comparison by sex, we found higher VO2max values in boys (p < 0.001). No significant differences were found for the variables BMI, WC, HWR, blood pressure and body image (p > 0.05); 27.7% of the study sample were overweight and 29.2% were obese. The subjects with obesity had the lowest VO2max levels. Dissatisfaction with body image was found to be associated with nutritional status (p < 0.001). In addition, 8.1% of the obese students presented extreme dissatisfaction with their body image and 19.4% of the children with cardiometabolic risk exhibited some type of dissatisfaction; the two variables were related (p = 0.008). Conclusions: The study provides evidence that children with malnutrition by excess present disorders associated with body dissatisfaction and other health indicators that limit integral growth in pre-adolescence.

Título traducido de la contribuciónDissatisfaction with body image and its relation to nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in public school children
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1044-1049
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen34
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2017

Palabras clave

  • Body image
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Students

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Nutrición y dietética

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