Influencia de la fuerza isométrica máxima sobre el tiempo en sprints de 20 metros

Álvaro Huerta Ojeda, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga, Sergio Galdames Maliqueo, Darío Martínez García, Ángela Rodríguez-Perea, Leonidas Arias Poblete, Ignacio Chirosa Ríos, Luis Javier Chirosa Ríos

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: The squat is an exercise that is widely used for the development of strength in sports. However, considering that not all sports gestures are vertical, it is important to investigate the effectiveness of propulsive force stimuli applied in different planes. Objective: The main purpose of this study was to determine the influence of maximum isometric force (MIF) exerted on starting blocks over performance in 5, 10 and 20-meter sprints. Methods: Seven high-level male sprinters (mean age ± SD = 28 ± 5.77 years) participated in this study. The variables were: a) MIF in squats and on starting blocks (measured using a functional electromechanical dyna-mometer [FEMD]), b) time in 5, 10 and 20-m sprints and c) jump height (measured by the squat jump test). For data analysis, a Pearson correlation was performed between the different variables. The criteria for interpreting the strength of the r coefficients were as follows: trivial (<0.1), small (0.1−0.3), moderate (0.3−0.5), high (0.5−0.7), very high (0.7−0.9), or practically perfect (>0.9). The level of significance was p < 0.05. Results: There was very high correlation between MIF exerted on starting blocks and performance in the first meters of the sprint (5-m: r =-0.84, p = 0.01). However, there was small correlation between MIF in squats and performance in the first meters of the sprint (5-m: r =-0.22, p < 0.62). Conclusion: The MIF applied on starting blocks correlates very high with time in the first meters of the sprint in high-level athletes. In addition, the use of the FEMD provides a wide range of possibilities for evaluation and development of strength with a controlled natural movement. Level of evidence IV; Prognostic Studies-Case series.

Título traducido de la contribuciónInfluence of maximal isometric strength on 20-meter sprint time
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)60-64
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónRevista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
Volumen27
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2021

Palabras clave

  • Athletes
  • Isometric contraction
  • Muscle strength

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte
  • Terapia física, deportiva y rehabilitación

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