Influencia combinada del índice de masa corporal pregestacional y de la ganancia de peso en el embarazo sobre el crecimiento fetal

Francisco Mardones, Trinidad García-Huidobro, Constanza Ralph, Marcelo Farías, Angélica Domínguez, Iván Rojas, M. Teresa Urrutia

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: The Chilean Ministry of Health has been using standards for nutritional evaluation and weight gain recommendations during pregnancy in the last 25 years. In the meantime new standards have been developed. Aim: To study the combined influence of preconception maternal nutritional status and gestational weight gain, using new standards to classify those parameters, on perinatal outcomes. Material and Methods: A cohort of 11,465 healthy pregnant women was prospectively followed until term. Their pregestational nutritional status was classified using the body mass index cut-offs in use in the United States (USA). Their gestational weight gain was classified using categories proposed in a Danish study. Perinatal outcomes included were risky birth weight, i.e. < 3000 g and ≥4000 g, and cesarean delivery. Relative risks for those perinatal outcomes were calculated for all combined categories of pregestational nutritional status and gestational weight gain. Results: Relative risks of almost all gestational weight gain results were statistically significant for women having a normal pre-gestational nutritional status meanwhile all of them were not significant for underweight women. Overweight and obese women had similar relative risks values as normal women. However, many of them were not significant, especially in obese women. Conclusions: There is an independent and combined influence of preconception nutritional status and gestational weight gain on perinatal outcomes, when using standards to classify those parameters developed in the USA and Denmark, respectively.

Título traducido de la contribuciónCombined influence of preconception body mass index and gestational weight gain on fetal growth
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)710-716
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen139
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun 2011

Palabras clave

  • Birth weight
  • Cesarean section
  • Prenatal nutritional physiological phenomena

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (todo)

Huella Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Influencia combinada del índice de masa corporal pregestacional y de la ganancia de peso en el embarazo sobre el crecimiento fetal'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

  • Citar esto