Influence of Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity patterns, and weight status on cardiovascular response to cardiorespiratory fitness test in Chilean school children

Pedro Delgado-Floody, Cristian Alvarez, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga, Pedro Latorre-Román

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity (PA) patterns (i.e., screen time and PA after school), and weight status with the cardiovascular response following a cardiorespiratory fitness test. Methods: Participants were 605 school children: 272 girls (11.79 ± 0.93 y old) and 333 boys (12.06 ± 1.03 y old). Body mass index, waist circumference (WC), food habits, and PA patterns were evaluated. Heart rate (HR), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures were assessed before and immediately after the 20-m shuttle run test and the changes induced were calculated (Δ = post/pretest). Results: The cardiovascular response was higher in obese than normal weight and overweight children in terms of HR (P = 0.007) and SBP (P < 0.001). The ΔSBP presented inverse association with WC (β = –0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], –0.17 to –0.01; P = 0.026), food habits (β = –0.65; 95% CI, –0.81 to –0.49; P < 0.001), PA after school (β = –7.03; 95% CI, –7.84 to –6.22; P < 0.001) and PA patterns (β = –5.96; 95% CI, –6.40 to –5.52, P < 0.001). ΔDBP was not associated with food habits or PA patterns (P > 0.005). Finally, ΔHR reported inverse association with PA patterns (β = –1.67; 95% CI, –3.18 to –0.17; P = 0.029). Conclusion: School children with obesity showed a higher cardiovascular response in HR and SBP than normal weight and overweight peers. Moreover, the increment of the SBP presented inverse association with food habits and PA patterns.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número de artículo110621
PublicaciónNutrition
Volumen71
DOI
EstadoPublished - mar 2020

Huella dactilar

Mediterranean Diet
Exercise
Weights and Measures
Heart Rate
Feeding Behavior
Pediatric Obesity
Waist Circumference
Body Mass Index
Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Blood Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Citar esto

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title = "Influence of Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity patterns, and weight status on cardiovascular response to cardiorespiratory fitness test in Chilean school children",
abstract = "Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity (PA) patterns (i.e., screen time and PA after school), and weight status with the cardiovascular response following a cardiorespiratory fitness test. Methods: Participants were 605 school children: 272 girls (11.79 ± 0.93 y old) and 333 boys (12.06 ± 1.03 y old). Body mass index, waist circumference (WC), food habits, and PA patterns were evaluated. Heart rate (HR), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures were assessed before and immediately after the 20-m shuttle run test and the changes induced were calculated (Δ = post/pretest). Results: The cardiovascular response was higher in obese than normal weight and overweight children in terms of HR (P = 0.007) and SBP (P < 0.001). The ΔSBP presented inverse association with WC (β = –0.09; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], –0.17 to –0.01; P = 0.026), food habits (β = –0.65; 95{\%} CI, –0.81 to –0.49; P < 0.001), PA after school (β = –7.03; 95{\%} CI, –7.84 to –6.22; P < 0.001) and PA patterns (β = –5.96; 95{\%} CI, –6.40 to –5.52, P < 0.001). ΔDBP was not associated with food habits or PA patterns (P > 0.005). Finally, ΔHR reported inverse association with PA patterns (β = –1.67; 95{\%} CI, –3.18 to –0.17; P = 0.029). Conclusion: School children with obesity showed a higher cardiovascular response in HR and SBP than normal weight and overweight peers. Moreover, the increment of the SBP presented inverse association with food habits and PA patterns.",
keywords = "Blood pressure response, Children's food habits, Obesity, Physical fitness",
author = "Pedro Delgado-Floody and Cristian Alvarez and Felipe Caama{\~n}o-Navarrete and Daniel Jerez-Mayorga and Pedro Latorre-Rom{\'a}n",
year = "2020",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.nut.2019.110621",
language = "English",
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Influence of Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity patterns, and weight status on cardiovascular response to cardiorespiratory fitness test in Chilean school children. / Delgado-Floody, Pedro; Alvarez, Cristian; Caamaño-Navarrete, Felipe; Jerez-Mayorga, Daniel; Latorre-Román, Pedro.

En: Nutrition, Vol. 71, 110621, 03.2020.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity patterns, and weight status on cardiovascular response to cardiorespiratory fitness test in Chilean school children

AU - Delgado-Floody, Pedro

AU - Alvarez, Cristian

AU - Caamaño-Navarrete, Felipe

AU - Jerez-Mayorga, Daniel

AU - Latorre-Román, Pedro

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity (PA) patterns (i.e., screen time and PA after school), and weight status with the cardiovascular response following a cardiorespiratory fitness test. Methods: Participants were 605 school children: 272 girls (11.79 ± 0.93 y old) and 333 boys (12.06 ± 1.03 y old). Body mass index, waist circumference (WC), food habits, and PA patterns were evaluated. Heart rate (HR), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures were assessed before and immediately after the 20-m shuttle run test and the changes induced were calculated (Δ = post/pretest). Results: The cardiovascular response was higher in obese than normal weight and overweight children in terms of HR (P = 0.007) and SBP (P < 0.001). The ΔSBP presented inverse association with WC (β = –0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], –0.17 to –0.01; P = 0.026), food habits (β = –0.65; 95% CI, –0.81 to –0.49; P < 0.001), PA after school (β = –7.03; 95% CI, –7.84 to –6.22; P < 0.001) and PA patterns (β = –5.96; 95% CI, –6.40 to –5.52, P < 0.001). ΔDBP was not associated with food habits or PA patterns (P > 0.005). Finally, ΔHR reported inverse association with PA patterns (β = –1.67; 95% CI, –3.18 to –0.17; P = 0.029). Conclusion: School children with obesity showed a higher cardiovascular response in HR and SBP than normal weight and overweight peers. Moreover, the increment of the SBP presented inverse association with food habits and PA patterns.

AB - Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between Mediterranean diet adherence, physical activity (PA) patterns (i.e., screen time and PA after school), and weight status with the cardiovascular response following a cardiorespiratory fitness test. Methods: Participants were 605 school children: 272 girls (11.79 ± 0.93 y old) and 333 boys (12.06 ± 1.03 y old). Body mass index, waist circumference (WC), food habits, and PA patterns were evaluated. Heart rate (HR), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures were assessed before and immediately after the 20-m shuttle run test and the changes induced were calculated (Δ = post/pretest). Results: The cardiovascular response was higher in obese than normal weight and overweight children in terms of HR (P = 0.007) and SBP (P < 0.001). The ΔSBP presented inverse association with WC (β = –0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], –0.17 to –0.01; P = 0.026), food habits (β = –0.65; 95% CI, –0.81 to –0.49; P < 0.001), PA after school (β = –7.03; 95% CI, –7.84 to –6.22; P < 0.001) and PA patterns (β = –5.96; 95% CI, –6.40 to –5.52, P < 0.001). ΔDBP was not associated with food habits or PA patterns (P > 0.005). Finally, ΔHR reported inverse association with PA patterns (β = –1.67; 95% CI, –3.18 to –0.17; P = 0.029). Conclusion: School children with obesity showed a higher cardiovascular response in HR and SBP than normal weight and overweight peers. Moreover, the increment of the SBP presented inverse association with food habits and PA patterns.

KW - Blood pressure response

KW - Children's food habits

KW - Obesity

KW - Physical fitness

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