Inecalcitol, an analog of 1,25D3, displays enhanced antitumor activity through the induction of apoptosis in a squamous cell carcinoma model system

Yingyu Ma, Wei Dong Yu, Alejandro A. Hidalgo, Wei Luo, Remi Delansorne, Candace S. Johnson, Donald L. Trump

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

30 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Epidemiological data suggest an important role of vitamin D signaling in cancer development and progression, and experimental studies demonstrate that the active vitamin D metabolite 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) has broad spectrum antitumor activity. Hypercalcemia has often been suggested to limit the clinical application of these data. The 14-epi-analog of 1,25D3, inecalcitol [19-nor-14-epi-23-yne-1,25-(OH) 2D3; TX522], was developed to have superagonistic antitumor activities but low hypercalcemia potential. We examined the antitumor activity of inecalcitol and the underlying mechanisms in a murine squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) model system. In vitro, compared with 1,25D3, inecalcitol showed enhanced vitamin D receptor (VDR)-mediated transcriptional activity. Inecalcitol suppressed SCC cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner with an IC50 value 30 times lower than that of 1,25D 3. Both inecalcitol and 1,25D3 induced a comparable level of G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in SCC cells. The level of apoptosis induced by inecalcitol was markedly higher than that of 1,25D 3. Apoptosis was mediated through the activation of the caspase 8/10- caspase 3 pathway. Further, inecalcitol markedly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of c-IAP1 and XIAP compared with 1,25D3. In vivo, inecalcitol inhibits SCC tumor growth in a dose-dependent fashion. Notably, inecalcitol induced a significantly higher level of apoptosis in the SCC xenograft model. While in vitro inecalcitol demonstrates apparent enhanced VDR binding and antiproliferative effects compared to 1,25D3, in vivo these advantages disappear; at doses of inecalcitol that have equivalent antitumor effects, similar hypercalcemia is seen. This may be explained by the pharmacokinetics of 1,25D3 vs. inecalcitol and attributed to the much shorter serum half-life of inecalcitol. We show that inecalcitol has potent antitumor activity in the SCC model system, and this is associated with a strong induction of apoptosis. These findings support the further development of inecalcitol in cancer treatment.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)743-752
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónCell Cycle
Volumen12
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 mar 2013

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Biología molecular
  • Biología del desarrollo
  • Biología celular

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