The structural and electronic properties of pristine and H-passivated C-terminated β-SiC(0 0 1)-c(2 × 2) surface are addressed by ab initio calculations. Here, we verify the formation of C chains composed by double-bonded dimers rows (C=C), separated by triple-bonded bridged dimers (CC). The surface states near the bandgap are confined along the C=C dimer rows, with no electronic contribution from the CC bridged dimers. After hydrogenation, the C-chains are strongly modified, forming subsurface voids or nanotunnel (NT) structures. By considering a plausible set of energy release steps for increasing hydrogenation, we obtain a C-rich NT ruled by the C=C dimer rows. Somewhat similar to that recently reported on the Si-rich termination, but 0.8 eV lower in energy. The electronic band structures of both Si-rich and C-rich NTs have been examined within the hybrid HSE06 functional, which are compared with those previously reported using a semilocal functional.
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