HSAB analysis of charge transfer in the gas-phase acid-base equilibria of alkyl-substituted alcohols

Patricia Pérez, Alejandro Toro-Labbé, Renato Contreras

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

25 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

A simple model to analyze charge redistribution associated with proton transfer (PT) reaction is derived from a classical ion transport model. The model is applied to the gas-phase acid-base equilibria of alkyl alcohols. Proton transfer is simulated as the motion of a charged particle in an applied external potential defined by the chemical environment of the proton, and represented by the difference in proton affinity (PA) of the conjugated bases RO- and CH3O-; the latter is taken as reference. The electronic chemical potential of transfer accounts for both the amount and direction of charge transfer (CT). The relative acidity for a short series of alkyl alcohols is determined by the difference in proton affinity (ΔPA = PA(RO-) -PA(CH3O-)) of the conjugated bases. The predicted charge transfer is in agreement with the CT pattern obtained from the group hardness and electronegativity analysis.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)11246-11249
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volumen103
N.º50
EstadoPublicada - 16 dic 1999

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Química física y teórica

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