The salmonid rickettsial syndrome (SRS) is a systemic bacterial infection caused by Piscirickettsia salmonis that generates significant economic losses in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture. Despite this disease's relevance, the mechanisms involved in resistance against P. salmonis infection are not entirely understood. Thus, we aimed at studying the pathways explaining SRS resistance using different approaches. First, we determined the heritability using pedigree data from a challenge test. Secondly, a genome-wide association analysis was performed following a complete transcriptomic profile of fish from genetically susceptible and resistant families within the challenge infection with P. salmonis. We found differentially expressed transcripts related to immune response, pathogen recognition, and several new pathways related to extracellular matrix remodelling and intracellular invasion. The resistant background showed a constrained inflammatory response, mediated by the Arp2/3 complex actin cytoskeleton remodelling polymerization pathway, probably leading to bacterial clearance. A series of biomarkers of SRS resistance, such as the beta-enolase (ENO-β), Tubulin G1 (TUBG1), Plasmin (PLG) and ARP2/3 Complex Subunit 4 (ARPC4) genes showed consistent overexpression in resistant individuals, showing promise as biomarkers for SRS resistance. All these results together with the differential expression of several long non-coding RNAs show the complexity of the host-pathogen interaction of S. salar and P. salmonis. These results provide valuable information on new models describing host-pathogen interaction and its role in SRS resistance.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Química ambiental
- Ciencias acuáticas
- Inmunología y microbiología (miscelánea)