Purpose: Intestinal dysganglionosis are a group of anomalies of the enteric nervous system that constitute infrequent but severe forms of constipation. Histochemical stainings are the gold standard diagnostic procedure for intestinal dysganglionosis. This study describes our experience with histochemistry in a large series of patients. Methods: Between 1977 and 2010, 1,589 biopsies from children with persistent chronic constipation were studied. The specimens were snap frozen, sectioned and stained with acetylcholinesterase (AChE), acetylcholinesterase counterstained with hematoxilin and succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) histochemical stainings. Results: Among the 1,589 biopsies, 946 (59.5%) were rectal biopsies, 242 (15.2%) were internal sphincter biopsies, 346 (21.8%) were intestinal mapping studies and 42 (2.7%) of them were colon specimens from surgical resections. From the rectal biopsy group, 544 (57.5%) patients were reported as normal. Hirschsprung disease was found in 163 (17.2%) patients with a median age at diagnosis of 8 months and a male to female ratio of 3:1. Intestinal neuronal dysplasia was found in 162 (17.2%) patients, hypoganglionosis in 3 (0.3%) of them and ganglioneuromatosis in 1 (0.1%). In 73 (7.7%) patients, the biopsy was not conclusive for different reasons. 34 out of the 42 resected colon specimens were Hirschsprung disease. Intestinal neuronal dysplasia was found in the proximal segment of the aganglionic bowel in 15 out of 34 (44%) patients. All the aganglionic resected colon specimens had a previous aganglionic rectal biopsy. There were no false positive results in this group. Conclusions: Histochemical stainings continue to be the gold standard in the diagnosis of intestinal dysganglionosis. The combination of two histochemical staining techniques provides a high level of accuracy in the diagnosis of intestinal dysganglionosis.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Pediatría, perinaltología y salud infantil