Histidine Triad-like Motif of the Rotavirus NSP2 Octamer Mediates both RTPase and NTPase Activities

Rodrigo Vasquez-Del Carpio, Fernando D. Gonzalez-Nilo, Gonzalo Riadi, Zenobia F. Taraporewala, John T. Patton

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

37 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Rotavirus NSP2 is an abundant non-structural RNA-binding protein essential for forming the viral factories that support replication of the double-stranded RNA genome. NSP2 exists as stable doughnut-shaped octamers within the infected cell, representing the tail-to-tail interaction of two tetramers. Extending diagonally across the surface of each octamer are four highly basic grooves that function as binding sites for single-stranded RNA. Between the N and C-terminal domains of each monomer is a deep electropositive cleft containing a catalytic site that hydrolyzes the γ-β phosphoanhydride bond of any NTP. The catalytic site has similarity to those of the histidine triad (HIT) family of nucleotide-binding proteins. Due to the close proximity of the grooves and clefts, we investigated the possibility that the RNA-binding activity of the groove promoted the insertion of the 5′-triphosphate moiety of the RNA into the cleft, and the subsequent hydrolysis of its γ-β phosphoanhydride bond. Our results show that NSP2 hydrolyzes the γP from RNAs and NTPs through Mg2+-dependent activities that proceed with similar reaction velocities, that require the catalytic His225 residue, and that produce a phosphorylated intermediate. Competition assays indicate that although both substrates enter the active site, RNA is the preferred substrate due to its higher affinity for the octamer. The RNA triphosphatase (RTPase) activity of NSP2 may account for the absence of the 5′-terminal γP on the (-) strands of the double-stranded RNA genome segments. This is the first report of a HIT-like protein with a multifunctional catalytic site, capable of accommodating both NTPs and RNAs during γP hydrolysis.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)539-554
Número de páginas16
PublicaciónJournal of Molecular Biology
Volumen362
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 22 sep 2006

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Biología estructural
  • Biología molecular

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