High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women

Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Angélica Castillo, Carlos I. de la Fuente, Christian Campos-Jara, David C. Andrade, Cristian Álvarez, Cristian Martínez, Mauricio Castro-Sepúlveda, Ana Pereira, Mário C. Marques, Mikel Izquierdo

Resultado de la investigación: Article

57 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: To examine the effects of 12weeks of high-speed resistance training (RT) versus low-speed RT on muscle strength [one repetition of maximum leg-press (1RMLP) and bench-press (1RMBP), plus dominant (HGd) and non-dominant maximum isometric handgrip], power [counter-movement jump (CMJ), ball throwing (BT) and 10-m walking sprint (S10)], functional performance [8-foot up-and-go test (UG) and sit-to-stand test (STS)], and perceived quality of life in older women. Methods: 45 older women were divided into a high-speed RT group [EG, n. = 15, age. = 66.3. ±. 3.7. y], a low-speed RT group [SG, n. = 15, age. = 68.7. ±. 6.4. y] and a control group [CG, n. = 15, age. = 66.7. ±. 4.9. y]. The SG and EG were submitted to a similar 12-week RT program [3 sets of 8 reps at 40-75% of the one-repetition maximum (1. <. RM), CMJ and BT] using slow, controlled (3. s) concentric muscle actions for the SG and using fast, explosive (<. 1. s) concentric muscle actions for the EG (20% less work per exercise without CMJ and BT). Results: Over the 12-week training period, both RT groups showed small to large clinically significant improvements in the dependent variables; however, a significant difference was found between the EG and SG for the performance changes in BT, S10 and UG (20% vs. 11%, p. <. 0.05; 14% vs. 9%, p. <. 0.05; 18% vs. 10%, p. <. 0.01; respectively). No significant changes were observed for the CG. Conclusion: Both RT interventions are effective in improving functional capacity, muscle performance and quality of life in older women, although a high-speed RT program induces greater improvements in muscle power and functional capacity.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)51-57
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónExperimental Gerontology
Volumen58
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2014

Huella dactilar

Resistance Training
Muscle
Muscles
S 10
Quality of Life
Education
Muscle Strength
Walking
Leg
Exercise
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Citar esto

Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Castillo, Angélica ; de la Fuente, Carlos I. ; Campos-Jara, Christian ; Andrade, David C. ; Álvarez, Cristian ; Martínez, Cristian ; Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio ; Pereira, Ana ; Marques, Mário C. ; Izquierdo, Mikel. / High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women. En: Experimental Gerontology. 2014 ; Vol. 58. pp. 51-57.
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title = "High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women",
abstract = "Objective: To examine the effects of 12weeks of high-speed resistance training (RT) versus low-speed RT on muscle strength [one repetition of maximum leg-press (1RMLP) and bench-press (1RMBP), plus dominant (HGd) and non-dominant maximum isometric handgrip], power [counter-movement jump (CMJ), ball throwing (BT) and 10-m walking sprint (S10)], functional performance [8-foot up-and-go test (UG) and sit-to-stand test (STS)], and perceived quality of life in older women. Methods: 45 older women were divided into a high-speed RT group [EG, n. = 15, age. = 66.3. ±. 3.7. y], a low-speed RT group [SG, n. = 15, age. = 68.7. ±. 6.4. y] and a control group [CG, n. = 15, age. = 66.7. ±. 4.9. y]. The SG and EG were submitted to a similar 12-week RT program [3 sets of 8 reps at 40-75{\%} of the one-repetition maximum (1. <. RM), CMJ and BT] using slow, controlled (3. s) concentric muscle actions for the SG and using fast, explosive (<. 1. s) concentric muscle actions for the EG (20{\%} less work per exercise without CMJ and BT). Results: Over the 12-week training period, both RT groups showed small to large clinically significant improvements in the dependent variables; however, a significant difference was found between the EG and SG for the performance changes in BT, S10 and UG (20{\%} vs. 11{\%}, p. <. 0.05; 14{\%} vs. 9{\%}, p. <. 0.05; 18{\%} vs. 10{\%}, p. <. 0.01; respectively). No significant changes were observed for the CG. Conclusion: Both RT interventions are effective in improving functional capacity, muscle performance and quality of life in older women, although a high-speed RT program induces greater improvements in muscle power and functional capacity.",
keywords = "Adaptation, Aging, Power output, Resistance training, Women",
author = "Rodrigo Ram{\'i}rez-Campillo and Ang{\'e}lica Castillo and {de la Fuente}, {Carlos I.} and Christian Campos-Jara and Andrade, {David C.} and Cristian {\'A}lvarez and Cristian Mart{\'i}nez and Mauricio Castro-Sep{\'u}lveda and Ana Pereira and Marques, {M{\'a}rio C.} and Mikel Izquierdo",
year = "2014",
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doi = "10.1016/j.exger.2014.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "51--57",
journal = "Experimental Gerontology",
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Ramírez-Campillo, R, Castillo, A, de la Fuente, CI, Campos-Jara, C, Andrade, DC, Álvarez, C, Martínez, C, Castro-Sepúlveda, M, Pereira, A, Marques, MC & Izquierdo, M 2014, 'High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women', Experimental Gerontology, vol. 58, pp. 51-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2014.07.001

High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women. / Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Castillo, Angélica; de la Fuente, Carlos I.; Campos-Jara, Christian; Andrade, David C.; Álvarez, Cristian; Martínez, Cristian; Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio; Pereira, Ana; Marques, Mário C.; Izquierdo, Mikel.

En: Experimental Gerontology, Vol. 58, 01.01.2014, p. 51-57.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women

AU - Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Castillo, Angélica

AU - de la Fuente, Carlos I.

AU - Campos-Jara, Christian

AU - Andrade, David C.

AU - Álvarez, Cristian

AU - Martínez, Cristian

AU - Castro-Sepúlveda, Mauricio

AU - Pereira, Ana

AU - Marques, Mário C.

AU - Izquierdo, Mikel

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Objective: To examine the effects of 12weeks of high-speed resistance training (RT) versus low-speed RT on muscle strength [one repetition of maximum leg-press (1RMLP) and bench-press (1RMBP), plus dominant (HGd) and non-dominant maximum isometric handgrip], power [counter-movement jump (CMJ), ball throwing (BT) and 10-m walking sprint (S10)], functional performance [8-foot up-and-go test (UG) and sit-to-stand test (STS)], and perceived quality of life in older women. Methods: 45 older women were divided into a high-speed RT group [EG, n. = 15, age. = 66.3. ±. 3.7. y], a low-speed RT group [SG, n. = 15, age. = 68.7. ±. 6.4. y] and a control group [CG, n. = 15, age. = 66.7. ±. 4.9. y]. The SG and EG were submitted to a similar 12-week RT program [3 sets of 8 reps at 40-75% of the one-repetition maximum (1. <. RM), CMJ and BT] using slow, controlled (3. s) concentric muscle actions for the SG and using fast, explosive (<. 1. s) concentric muscle actions for the EG (20% less work per exercise without CMJ and BT). Results: Over the 12-week training period, both RT groups showed small to large clinically significant improvements in the dependent variables; however, a significant difference was found between the EG and SG for the performance changes in BT, S10 and UG (20% vs. 11%, p. <. 0.05; 14% vs. 9%, p. <. 0.05; 18% vs. 10%, p. <. 0.01; respectively). No significant changes were observed for the CG. Conclusion: Both RT interventions are effective in improving functional capacity, muscle performance and quality of life in older women, although a high-speed RT program induces greater improvements in muscle power and functional capacity.

AB - Objective: To examine the effects of 12weeks of high-speed resistance training (RT) versus low-speed RT on muscle strength [one repetition of maximum leg-press (1RMLP) and bench-press (1RMBP), plus dominant (HGd) and non-dominant maximum isometric handgrip], power [counter-movement jump (CMJ), ball throwing (BT) and 10-m walking sprint (S10)], functional performance [8-foot up-and-go test (UG) and sit-to-stand test (STS)], and perceived quality of life in older women. Methods: 45 older women were divided into a high-speed RT group [EG, n. = 15, age. = 66.3. ±. 3.7. y], a low-speed RT group [SG, n. = 15, age. = 68.7. ±. 6.4. y] and a control group [CG, n. = 15, age. = 66.7. ±. 4.9. y]. The SG and EG were submitted to a similar 12-week RT program [3 sets of 8 reps at 40-75% of the one-repetition maximum (1. <. RM), CMJ and BT] using slow, controlled (3. s) concentric muscle actions for the SG and using fast, explosive (<. 1. s) concentric muscle actions for the EG (20% less work per exercise without CMJ and BT). Results: Over the 12-week training period, both RT groups showed small to large clinically significant improvements in the dependent variables; however, a significant difference was found between the EG and SG for the performance changes in BT, S10 and UG (20% vs. 11%, p. <. 0.05; 14% vs. 9%, p. <. 0.05; 18% vs. 10%, p. <. 0.01; respectively). No significant changes were observed for the CG. Conclusion: Both RT interventions are effective in improving functional capacity, muscle performance and quality of life in older women, although a high-speed RT program induces greater improvements in muscle power and functional capacity.

KW - Adaptation

KW - Aging

KW - Power output

KW - Resistance training

KW - Women

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U2 - 10.1016/j.exger.2014.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.exger.2014.07.001

M3 - Article

C2 - 25014621

AN - SCOPUS:84904751731

VL - 58

SP - 51

EP - 57

JO - Experimental Gerontology

JF - Experimental Gerontology

SN - 0531-5565

ER -