Hemotropic mycoplasmas in bats captured near human settlements in Nigeria

Sophia Di Cataldo, Joshua Kamani, Aitor Cevidanes, Emmanuel G. Msheliza, Javier Millán

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The presence of DNA of hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) was investigated for the first time in bats in Africa. Blood samples from 90 bats captured within or near human settlements in nine study areas from five states in Nigeria belonging to six genera of the families Pteropodidae, Rhinolophidae, and Molossidae were analyzed using conventional PCR protocol targeting a 391 bp part of the 16S rRNA gene. Of these, 32 samples (35 %) resulted positive. Eight nucleotide sequence types were identified, which were assigned to five genotypes showing between 93–99 % similarity with hemoplasmas from bats and/or rodents from other parts of the world, and/or Candidatus Mycoplasma haemohominis from a human patient. Network analysis showed genetic structure of hemoplasma sequences among bat species, but some sequences were shared among bats of different taxonomic groups and distant study areas. Further characterization of the samples using a protocol targeting ∼1200 bp of the 16S rRNA gene resulted in seven sequences that confirmed the results of the screening protocol. Hemoplasmas in Nigerian bats are prevalent, widely distributed and genetically diverse. The zoonotic risk to local inhabitants should not be neglected, due to the high similarity of some of the retrieved sequences with the human pathogen C. M. haemohominis.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo101448
PublicaciónComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volumen70
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun 2020

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Microbiología
  • Inmulogía y alergología
  • Inmunología
  • Veterinaria (todo)
  • Enfermedades infecciosas

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