Heat shock treatments delay the increase in wound-induced phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity by altering its expression, not its induction in Romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa) tissue

Reinaldo Campos-Vargas, Hiroyuki Nonogaki, Trevor Suslow, Mikal E. Saltveit

Resultado de la investigación: Article

66 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Wounding lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., var. Longifolia) leaves induced an eight-fold increase in the activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5), and the subsequent accumulation of phenolic compounds and tissue browning at 10°C. PAL is a key enzyme in the synthesis of phenolic compounds. A PAL cDNA was previously isolated by reverse-transcription PCR using total RNA from wounded lettuce leaves. RNA gel blots showed that maximum accumulation of both PAL mRNA and PAL enzyme activity occurred 24 h after wounding. A 2-min heat shock at 45°C administered within 5 min of wounding delayed the wound-induced increase in PAL activity, but did not delay the increase in wound-induced PAL mRNA. Changes in the content of PAL protein were also followed by immunoblot using anti-PAL antibody raised against the bacterially expressed protein from the cDNA. Immunoblots showed that the level of PAL protein in wounded lettuce tissue was significantly reduced by the heat shock treatment. These data suggest that heat shock reduces the rise in wound-induced PAL enzyme activity by reducing the translation of wound-induced PAL mRNA, or by increasing the turnover of the induced PAL protein.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)82-91
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónPhysiologia Plantarum
Volumen123
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - ene 2005

Huella dactilar

Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase
romaine lettuce
Lettuce
Lactuca sativa
plant damage
phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
heat stress
Shock
Hot Temperature
Wounds and Injuries
lettuce
Messenger RNA
phenolic compounds
Lactuca sativa var. longifolia
Proteins
Enzymes
Complementary DNA
RNA
enzyme activity
leaf lettuce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)

Citar esto

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abstract = "Wounding lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., var. Longifolia) leaves induced an eight-fold increase in the activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5), and the subsequent accumulation of phenolic compounds and tissue browning at 10°C. PAL is a key enzyme in the synthesis of phenolic compounds. A PAL cDNA was previously isolated by reverse-transcription PCR using total RNA from wounded lettuce leaves. RNA gel blots showed that maximum accumulation of both PAL mRNA and PAL enzyme activity occurred 24 h after wounding. A 2-min heat shock at 45°C administered within 5 min of wounding delayed the wound-induced increase in PAL activity, but did not delay the increase in wound-induced PAL mRNA. Changes in the content of PAL protein were also followed by immunoblot using anti-PAL antibody raised against the bacterially expressed protein from the cDNA. Immunoblots showed that the level of PAL protein in wounded lettuce tissue was significantly reduced by the heat shock treatment. These data suggest that heat shock reduces the rise in wound-induced PAL enzyme activity by reducing the translation of wound-induced PAL mRNA, or by increasing the turnover of the induced PAL protein.",
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T1 - Heat shock treatments delay the increase in wound-induced phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity by altering its expression, not its induction in Romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa) tissue

AU - Campos-Vargas, Reinaldo

AU - Nonogaki, Hiroyuki

AU - Suslow, Trevor

AU - Saltveit, Mikal E.

PY - 2005/1

Y1 - 2005/1

N2 - Wounding lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., var. Longifolia) leaves induced an eight-fold increase in the activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5), and the subsequent accumulation of phenolic compounds and tissue browning at 10°C. PAL is a key enzyme in the synthesis of phenolic compounds. A PAL cDNA was previously isolated by reverse-transcription PCR using total RNA from wounded lettuce leaves. RNA gel blots showed that maximum accumulation of both PAL mRNA and PAL enzyme activity occurred 24 h after wounding. A 2-min heat shock at 45°C administered within 5 min of wounding delayed the wound-induced increase in PAL activity, but did not delay the increase in wound-induced PAL mRNA. Changes in the content of PAL protein were also followed by immunoblot using anti-PAL antibody raised against the bacterially expressed protein from the cDNA. Immunoblots showed that the level of PAL protein in wounded lettuce tissue was significantly reduced by the heat shock treatment. These data suggest that heat shock reduces the rise in wound-induced PAL enzyme activity by reducing the translation of wound-induced PAL mRNA, or by increasing the turnover of the induced PAL protein.

AB - Wounding lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., var. Longifolia) leaves induced an eight-fold increase in the activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5), and the subsequent accumulation of phenolic compounds and tissue browning at 10°C. PAL is a key enzyme in the synthesis of phenolic compounds. A PAL cDNA was previously isolated by reverse-transcription PCR using total RNA from wounded lettuce leaves. RNA gel blots showed that maximum accumulation of both PAL mRNA and PAL enzyme activity occurred 24 h after wounding. A 2-min heat shock at 45°C administered within 5 min of wounding delayed the wound-induced increase in PAL activity, but did not delay the increase in wound-induced PAL mRNA. Changes in the content of PAL protein were also followed by immunoblot using anti-PAL antibody raised against the bacterially expressed protein from the cDNA. Immunoblots showed that the level of PAL protein in wounded lettuce tissue was significantly reduced by the heat shock treatment. These data suggest that heat shock reduces the rise in wound-induced PAL enzyme activity by reducing the translation of wound-induced PAL mRNA, or by increasing the turnover of the induced PAL protein.

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