Glucocorticoid regulation of the vitamin D receptor

Alejandro A. Hidalgo, Donald L. Trump, Candace S. Johnson

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

25 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Many studies indicate calcitriol has potent anti-tumor activity in different types of cancers. However, high levels of vitamin D can produce hypercalcemia in some patients. Glucocorticoids are used to ameliorate hypercalcemia and to enhance calcitriol anti-tumor activity. Calcitriol in combination with the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex) increased vitamin D receptor (VDR) protein levels and ligand binding in squamous cell carcinoma VII (SCC). In this study we found that both calcitriol and Dex induce VDR- and glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-mediated transcription respectively, indicating both hormone receptors are active in SCC. Pre-treatment with Dex increases VDR-mediated transcription at the human CYP24A1 promoter. Whereas, pre-treatment with other steroid hormones, including dihydrotestosterone and R1881, has no effect on VDR-mediated transcription. Real-time PCR indicates treatment with Dex increases Vdr transcripts in a time-dependent manner, suggesting Dex may directly regulate expression of Vdr. Numerous putative glucocorticoid response elements (GREs) were found in the Vdr gene. Chromatin immuno-precipitation (ChIP) assay demonstrated GR binding at several putative GREs located within the mouse Vdr gene. However, none of the putative GREs studied increase GR-mediated transcription in luciferase reporter assays. In an attempt to identify the response element responsible for Vdr transcript regulation, future studies will continue to analyze newly identified GREs more distal from the Vdr gene promoter.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)372-375
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volumen121
N.º1-2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2010

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Endocrinología, diabetes y metabolismo
  • Bioquímica
  • Medicina molecular
  • Biología molecular
  • Endocrinología
  • Bioquímica clínica
  • Biología celular

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