Genomic diversity of listeria monocytogenes isolated from clinical and non-clinical samples in Chile

Viviana Toledo, Henk C. Den Bakker, Juan Carlos Hormazábal, Gerardo González-Rocha, Helia Bello-Toledo, Magaly Toro, Andrea I. Moreno-Switt

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of listeriosis, which is an uncommon but severe infection associated with high mortality rates in humans especially in high-risk groups. This bacterium survives a variety of stress conditions (e.g., high osmolality, low pH), which allows it to colonize different niches especially niches found in food processing environments. Additionally, a considerable heterogeneity in pathogenic potential has been observed in different strains. In this study, 38 isolates of L. monocytogenes collected in Chile from clinical samples (n = 22) and non-clinical samples (n = 16) were analyzed using whole genome sequencing (WGS) to determine their genomic diversity. A core genome Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) tree using 55 additional L. monocytogenes accessions classified the Chilean isolates in lineages I (n = 25) and II (n = 13). In silico, Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) differentiated the isolates into 13 sequence types (ST) in which the most common were ST1 (15 isolates) and ST9 (6 isolates) and represented 55% of the isolates. Genomic elements associated with virulence (i.e., LIPI-1, LIPI-3, inlA, inlB, inlC, inlG, inlH, inlD, inlE, inlK, inlF, and inlJ) and stress survival (i.e., stress survival islet 1 and stress survival islet 2) were unevenly distributed among clinical and non-clinical isolates. In addition, one novel inlA premature stop codon (PMSC) was detected. Comparative analysis of L. monocytogenes circulating in Chile revealed the presence of globally distributed sequence types along with differences among the isolates analyzed at a genomic level specifically associated with virulence and stress survival.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo396
PublicaciónGenes
Volumen9
N.º8
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2 ago 2018

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Genética
  • Genética (clínica)

Huella Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Genomic diversity of listeria monocytogenes isolated from clinical and non-clinical samples in Chile'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

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    Toledo, V., Den Bakker, H. C., Hormazábal, J. C., González-Rocha, G., Bello-Toledo, H., Toro, M., & Moreno-Switt, A. I. (2018). Genomic diversity of listeria monocytogenes isolated from clinical and non-clinical samples in Chile. Genes, 9(8), [396]. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9080396