Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano

E. Muñoz Vicente, J. Rafael Bretón Martínez, A. Ros Díez, A. Rodríguez García, B. Casado Sánchez, R. Hernández Marco, J. M. Nogueira Coito, A. Abeledo, J. Alberola, M. J. Alcaraz, S. Aparici, L. Ariño, E. Ballester, P. Barona, J. J. Camarena, M. Canos, A. Clement, P. Codoñer, M. Del Cañizo, C. Del CastilloA. De La Mano, M. Escobar, F. Esteban, M. Estivalis, M. Fernández, R. Gandía, C. García, L. García, E. García Muñoz, M. A. Gómez, M. Graullera, M. T. Hernández, C. Inigo, V. Jarabo, L. Juan, I. Latorre, C. Mañes, R. Margalef, J. Marín, E. Martí, L. Mompó, J. Palomero, A. Pérez, D. Pérez, A. Pineda, N. Pons, S. Pons, V. Quintero, I. Rodríguez, J. Ruiz, A. Sánchez, I. Sanz, R. Señer, L. Silla, R. Simó, G. Sierra, J. L. Tortajada, M. Tortajada, L. Uixera, M. I. Vega, S. Villalonga

Resultado de la investigación: Article

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objectives: To examine the etiology, clinical, analytical and evolutionary characteristics of gastroenteritis in the pediatric population in the Emergency Department of Dr. Peset University Hospital in Health Care Area 10 in Valencia, Spain, over a 1-year period (2005). Patients and methods: Children < 15 years of age with acute diarrhea were prospectively enrolled in the Emergency Department. Data were collected through information sheets. Their stools were examined for diarrheagenic bacteria and viruses (rotavirus and adenovirus). Results: 794 episodes of gastroenteritis were recorded. The incidence of rotavirus was 22 %, adenovirus 8%, Campylobacter jejuni 7% and Salmonella spp. 4%. Socioeconomic characteristics were not helpful in differentiating disease due to specific enteropathogens. Ninety per cent cases caused by viruses only affected children under three years of age. Rotavirus gastroenteritis had a marked seasonal pattern (90 % cases in December-February). Among infants ≤ 6 months of age rotavirus was less frequent as cause of diarrhea in breast-fed infants than in bottle-fed. Macroscopic blood in stools was reported almost exclusively among patients with a bacterial infection. In 96% of all cases of diarrhea there was no dehydration, in 2% it was mild, in 2% moderate and none severe. Ten of the seventeen cases (59 %) of moderate dehydration were caused by rotavirus. Six percent of all children were hospitalised. Conclusions: Rotavirus was significantly more associated with the need for intravenous fluid therapy and hospitalisation than episodes negative for rotavirus. Rotavirus accounted for 3% of hospitalisations in infants aged 1 month-2 years.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)432-438
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónAnales de Pediatria
Volumen68
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 may 2008

Huella dactilar

Rotavirus
Urban Hospitals
Gastroenteritis
Hospital Emergency Service
Diarrhea
Dehydration
Adenoviridae
Hospitalization
Viruses
Campylobacter jejuni
Hospitalized Child
Fluid Therapy
Bacterial Infections
Salmonella
Spain
Breast
Pediatrics
Bacteria
Delivery of Health Care
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Citar esto

Muñoz Vicente, E., Bretón Martínez, J. R., Ros Díez, A., Rodríguez García, A., Casado Sánchez, B., Hernández Marco, R., ... Villalonga, S. (2008). Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano. Anales de Pediatria, 68(5), 432-438. https://doi.org/10.1157/13120039
Muñoz Vicente, E. ; Bretón Martínez, J. Rafael ; Ros Díez, A. ; Rodríguez García, A. ; Casado Sánchez, B. ; Hernández Marco, R. ; Nogueira Coito, J. M. ; Abeledo, A. ; Alberola, J. ; Alcaraz, M. J. ; Aparici, S. ; Ariño, L. ; Ballester, E. ; Barona, P. ; Camarena, J. J. ; Canos, M. ; Clement, A. ; Codoñer, P. ; Del Cañizo, M. ; Del Castillo, C. ; De La Mano, A. ; Escobar, M. ; Esteban, F. ; Estivalis, M. ; Fernández, M. ; Gandía, R. ; García, C. ; García, L. ; García Muñoz, E. ; Gómez, M. A. ; Graullera, M. ; Hernández, M. T. ; Inigo, C. ; Jarabo, V. ; Juan, L. ; Latorre, I. ; Mañes, C. ; Margalef, R. ; Marín, J. ; Martí, E. ; Mompó, L. ; Palomero, J. ; Pérez, A. ; Pérez, D. ; Pineda, A. ; Pons, N. ; Pons, S. ; Quintero, V. ; Rodríguez, I. ; Ruiz, J. ; Sánchez, A. ; Sanz, I. ; Señer, R. ; Silla, L. ; Simó, R. ; Sierra, G. ; Tortajada, J. L. ; Tortajada, M. ; Uixera, L. ; Vega, M. I. ; Villalonga, S. / Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano. En: Anales de Pediatria. 2008 ; Vol. 68, N.º 5. pp. 432-438.
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title = "Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine the etiology, clinical, analytical and evolutionary characteristics of gastroenteritis in the pediatric population in the Emergency Department of Dr. Peset University Hospital in Health Care Area 10 in Valencia, Spain, over a 1-year period (2005). Patients and methods: Children < 15 years of age with acute diarrhea were prospectively enrolled in the Emergency Department. Data were collected through information sheets. Their stools were examined for diarrheagenic bacteria and viruses (rotavirus and adenovirus). Results: 794 episodes of gastroenteritis were recorded. The incidence of rotavirus was 22 {\%}, adenovirus 8{\%}, Campylobacter jejuni 7{\%} and Salmonella spp. 4{\%}. Socioeconomic characteristics were not helpful in differentiating disease due to specific enteropathogens. Ninety per cent cases caused by viruses only affected children under three years of age. Rotavirus gastroenteritis had a marked seasonal pattern (90 {\%} cases in December-February). Among infants ≤ 6 months of age rotavirus was less frequent as cause of diarrhea in breast-fed infants than in bottle-fed. Macroscopic blood in stools was reported almost exclusively among patients with a bacterial infection. In 96{\%} of all cases of diarrhea there was no dehydration, in 2{\%} it was mild, in 2{\%} moderate and none severe. Ten of the seventeen cases (59 {\%}) of moderate dehydration were caused by rotavirus. Six percent of all children were hospitalised. Conclusions: Rotavirus was significantly more associated with the need for intravenous fluid therapy and hospitalisation than episodes negative for rotavirus. Rotavirus accounted for 3{\%} of hospitalisations in infants aged 1 month-2 years.",
keywords = "Adenovirus, Campylobacter, Children, Gastroenteritis, Infants, Rotavirus, Salmonella, Shigella",
author = "{Mu{\~n}oz Vicente}, E. and {Bret{\'o}n Mart{\'i}nez}, {J. Rafael} and {Ros D{\'i}ez}, A. and {Rodr{\'i}guez Garc{\'i}a}, A. and {Casado S{\'a}nchez}, B. and {Hern{\'a}ndez Marco}, R. and {Nogueira Coito}, {J. M.} and A. Abeledo and J. Alberola and Alcaraz, {M. J.} and S. Aparici and L. Ari{\~n}o and E. Ballester and P. Barona and Camarena, {J. J.} and M. Canos and A. Clement and P. Codo{\~n}er and {Del Ca{\~n}izo}, M. and {Del Castillo}, C. and {De La Mano}, A. and M. Escobar and F. Esteban and M. Estivalis and M. Fern{\'a}ndez and R. Gand{\'i}a and C. Garc{\'i}a and L. Garc{\'i}a and {Garc{\'i}a Mu{\~n}oz}, E. and G{\'o}mez, {M. A.} and M. Graullera and Hern{\'a}ndez, {M. T.} and C. Inigo and V. Jarabo and L. Juan and I. Latorre and C. Ma{\~n}es and R. Margalef and J. Mar{\'i}n and E. Mart{\'i} and L. Momp{\'o} and J. Palomero and A. P{\'e}rez and D. P{\'e}rez and A. Pineda and N. Pons and S. Pons and V. Quintero and I. Rodr{\'i}guez and J. Ruiz and A. S{\'a}nchez and I. Sanz and R. Se{\~n}er and L. Silla and R. Sim{\'o} and G. Sierra and Tortajada, {J. L.} and M. Tortajada and L. Uixera and Vega, {M. I.} and S. Villalonga",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1157/13120039",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "68",
pages = "432--438",
journal = "Anales de Pediatria",
issn = "1695-4033",
publisher = "Ediciones Doyma, S.L.",
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Muñoz Vicente, E, Bretón Martínez, JR, Ros Díez, A, Rodríguez García, A, Casado Sánchez, B, Hernández Marco, R, Nogueira Coito, JM, Abeledo, A, Alberola, J, Alcaraz, MJ, Aparici, S, Ariño, L, Ballester, E, Barona, P, Camarena, JJ, Canos, M, Clement, A, Codoñer, P, Del Cañizo, M, Del Castillo, C, De La Mano, A, Escobar, M, Esteban, F, Estivalis, M, Fernández, M, Gandía, R, García, C, García, L, García Muñoz, E, Gómez, MA, Graullera, M, Hernández, MT, Inigo, C, Jarabo, V, Juan, L, Latorre, I, Mañes, C, Margalef, R, Marín, J, Martí, E, Mompó, L, Palomero, J, Pérez, A, Pérez, D, Pineda, A, Pons, N, Pons, S, Quintero, V, Rodríguez, I, Ruiz, J, Sánchez, A, Sanz, I, Señer, R, Silla, L, Simó, R, Sierra, G, Tortajada, JL, Tortajada, M, Uixera, L, Vega, MI & Villalonga, S 2008, 'Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano', Anales de Pediatria, vol. 68, n.º 5, pp. 432-438. https://doi.org/10.1157/13120039

Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano. / Muñoz Vicente, E.; Bretón Martínez, J. Rafael; Ros Díez, A.; Rodríguez García, A.; Casado Sánchez, B.; Hernández Marco, R.; Nogueira Coito, J. M.; Abeledo, A.; Alberola, J.; Alcaraz, M. J.; Aparici, S.; Ariño, L.; Ballester, E.; Barona, P.; Camarena, J. J.; Canos, M.; Clement, A.; Codoñer, P.; Del Cañizo, M.; Del Castillo, C.; De La Mano, A.; Escobar, M.; Esteban, F.; Estivalis, M.; Fernández, M.; Gandía, R.; García, C.; García, L.; García Muñoz, E.; Gómez, M. A.; Graullera, M.; Hernández, M. T.; Inigo, C.; Jarabo, V.; Juan, L.; Latorre, I.; Mañes, C.; Margalef, R.; Marín, J.; Martí, E.; Mompó, L.; Palomero, J.; Pérez, A.; Pérez, D.; Pineda, A.; Pons, N.; Pons, S.; Quintero, V.; Rodríguez, I.; Ruiz, J.; Sánchez, A.; Sanz, I.; Señer, R.; Silla, L.; Simó, R.; Sierra, G.; Tortajada, J. L.; Tortajada, M.; Uixera, L.; Vega, M. I.; Villalonga, S.

En: Anales de Pediatria, Vol. 68, N.º 5, 01.05.2008, p. 432-438.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano

AU - Muñoz Vicente, E.

AU - Bretón Martínez, J. Rafael

AU - Ros Díez, A.

AU - Rodríguez García, A.

AU - Casado Sánchez, B.

AU - Hernández Marco, R.

AU - Nogueira Coito, J. M.

AU - Abeledo, A.

AU - Alberola, J.

AU - Alcaraz, M. J.

AU - Aparici, S.

AU - Ariño, L.

AU - Ballester, E.

AU - Barona, P.

AU - Camarena, J. J.

AU - Canos, M.

AU - Clement, A.

AU - Codoñer, P.

AU - Del Cañizo, M.

AU - Del Castillo, C.

AU - De La Mano, A.

AU - Escobar, M.

AU - Esteban, F.

AU - Estivalis, M.

AU - Fernández, M.

AU - Gandía, R.

AU - García, C.

AU - García, L.

AU - García Muñoz, E.

AU - Gómez, M. A.

AU - Graullera, M.

AU - Hernández, M. T.

AU - Inigo, C.

AU - Jarabo, V.

AU - Juan, L.

AU - Latorre, I.

AU - Mañes, C.

AU - Margalef, R.

AU - Marín, J.

AU - Martí, E.

AU - Mompó, L.

AU - Palomero, J.

AU - Pérez, A.

AU - Pérez, D.

AU - Pineda, A.

AU - Pons, N.

AU - Pons, S.

AU - Quintero, V.

AU - Rodríguez, I.

AU - Ruiz, J.

AU - Sánchez, A.

AU - Sanz, I.

AU - Señer, R.

AU - Silla, L.

AU - Simó, R.

AU - Sierra, G.

AU - Tortajada, J. L.

AU - Tortajada, M.

AU - Uixera, L.

AU - Vega, M. I.

AU - Villalonga, S.

PY - 2008/5/1

Y1 - 2008/5/1

N2 - Objectives: To examine the etiology, clinical, analytical and evolutionary characteristics of gastroenteritis in the pediatric population in the Emergency Department of Dr. Peset University Hospital in Health Care Area 10 in Valencia, Spain, over a 1-year period (2005). Patients and methods: Children < 15 years of age with acute diarrhea were prospectively enrolled in the Emergency Department. Data were collected through information sheets. Their stools were examined for diarrheagenic bacteria and viruses (rotavirus and adenovirus). Results: 794 episodes of gastroenteritis were recorded. The incidence of rotavirus was 22 %, adenovirus 8%, Campylobacter jejuni 7% and Salmonella spp. 4%. Socioeconomic characteristics were not helpful in differentiating disease due to specific enteropathogens. Ninety per cent cases caused by viruses only affected children under three years of age. Rotavirus gastroenteritis had a marked seasonal pattern (90 % cases in December-February). Among infants ≤ 6 months of age rotavirus was less frequent as cause of diarrhea in breast-fed infants than in bottle-fed. Macroscopic blood in stools was reported almost exclusively among patients with a bacterial infection. In 96% of all cases of diarrhea there was no dehydration, in 2% it was mild, in 2% moderate and none severe. Ten of the seventeen cases (59 %) of moderate dehydration were caused by rotavirus. Six percent of all children were hospitalised. Conclusions: Rotavirus was significantly more associated with the need for intravenous fluid therapy and hospitalisation than episodes negative for rotavirus. Rotavirus accounted for 3% of hospitalisations in infants aged 1 month-2 years.

AB - Objectives: To examine the etiology, clinical, analytical and evolutionary characteristics of gastroenteritis in the pediatric population in the Emergency Department of Dr. Peset University Hospital in Health Care Area 10 in Valencia, Spain, over a 1-year period (2005). Patients and methods: Children < 15 years of age with acute diarrhea were prospectively enrolled in the Emergency Department. Data were collected through information sheets. Their stools were examined for diarrheagenic bacteria and viruses (rotavirus and adenovirus). Results: 794 episodes of gastroenteritis were recorded. The incidence of rotavirus was 22 %, adenovirus 8%, Campylobacter jejuni 7% and Salmonella spp. 4%. Socioeconomic characteristics were not helpful in differentiating disease due to specific enteropathogens. Ninety per cent cases caused by viruses only affected children under three years of age. Rotavirus gastroenteritis had a marked seasonal pattern (90 % cases in December-February). Among infants ≤ 6 months of age rotavirus was less frequent as cause of diarrhea in breast-fed infants than in bottle-fed. Macroscopic blood in stools was reported almost exclusively among patients with a bacterial infection. In 96% of all cases of diarrhea there was no dehydration, in 2% it was mild, in 2% moderate and none severe. Ten of the seventeen cases (59 %) of moderate dehydration were caused by rotavirus. Six percent of all children were hospitalised. Conclusions: Rotavirus was significantly more associated with the need for intravenous fluid therapy and hospitalisation than episodes negative for rotavirus. Rotavirus accounted for 3% of hospitalisations in infants aged 1 month-2 years.

KW - Adenovirus

KW - Campylobacter

KW - Children

KW - Gastroenteritis

KW - Infants

KW - Rotavirus

KW - Salmonella

KW - Shigella

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=44149102245&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1157/13120039

DO - 10.1157/13120039

M3 - Artículo

C2 - 18447986

AN - SCOPUS:44149102245

VL - 68

SP - 432

EP - 438

JO - Anales de Pediatria

JF - Anales de Pediatria

SN - 1695-4033

IS - 5

ER -

Muñoz Vicente E, Bretón Martínez JR, Ros Díez A, Rodríguez García A, Casado Sánchez B, Hernández Marco R y otros. Gastroenteritis aguda infecciosa en urgencias de un hospital urbano. Anales de Pediatria. 2008 may 1;68(5):432-438. https://doi.org/10.1157/13120039