Fuerza de agarre isométrica máxima en relación a la edad, sexo y dominancia de mano

Jordan Hernández-Martínez, Diego Cisterna, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Francisco Guede-Rojas, Carlos de la Fuente, Mauricio Castro-Sepúlveda, Jason Moran

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

Resumen

Background: Maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIHS) is influenced by age, sex, and handedness. Aim: To assess the association of MVIHS with age, sex, and handedness in older adults. Material and Methods: MVIHS was measured using a digital dynamometer in 60 men and 60 women aged 73 ± 6 years. Weight, height and handedness were also recorded. For analysis purposes, participants were divided into two age groups (65 to 70.9 years of age and ≥ 71 years). Results: A negative correlation was observed between age and MVIHS in the non-dominant (r = -0.65 and -0.59 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.71 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). When age and MVIHS were correlated in the group aged 65-70 years, a significant correlation was observed in the non-dominant (r = -045 and -0.61 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.47 and -0.64 in men and women, respectively). In the group aged ≥ 71 years, a stronger correlation with age was also observed in the non-dominant (r = -0.92 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively) and dominant hands (r = -0.95 and -0.90 in men and women, respectively). MVIHS was 2.8 to 8.9% lower in the non-dominant than in the dominant hand in all age groups. MVIHS was lower in women than in men in both age groups. Conclusions: MVIHS declines with age (especially after 71 years of age), is higher in men than women, and higher in the dominant than the non-dominant hand.

Título traducido de la contribuciónAssociation of maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength with age, gender and handedness in older people
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1429-1437
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen146
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2018

Palabras clave

  • Frail elderly
  • Geriatric assessment
  • Muscle strength
  • Resistance Training
  • Sarcopenia

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (todo)

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  • Citar esto

    Hernández-Martínez, J., Cisterna, D., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Álvarez, C., Guede-Rojas, F., Fuente, C. D. L., Castro-Sepúlveda, M., & Moran, J. (2018). Fuerza de agarre isométrica máxima en relación a la edad, sexo y dominancia de mano. Revista Medica de Chile, 146(12), 1429-1437. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018001201429