First description of atypical furunculosis in freshwater farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in Chile

M. Godoy, V. Gherardelli, A. Heisinger, J. Fernández, P. Olmos, L. Ovalle, P. Ilardi, R. Avendaño-Herrera

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

12 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

We report the first isolation, identification and characterization of a group of Chilean strains of atypical Aeromonas salmonicida isolated from freshwater farmed Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Affected fish showed superficial ulcers and pale liver with or without petechial haemorrhages. Outbreaks of the disease occurred in two farms in the south of Chile about 2200 km apart. Five strains were isolated in pure culture and identified by serological assays and immunofluorescence tests as belonging to Aeromonas salmonicida. Although the bacterial isolates were phenotypically homogeneous, minor differences with the reference strain A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida ATCC 33658 were noted. Three specific primer sets and partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing allowed the identification of the Chilean isolates as atypical A. salmonicida, with A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes and A. salmonicida subsp. masoucida as their closest relatives (100% sequence similarity). Molecular typing indicated that the atypical isolates belong to two genetic groups that were associated with the geographical origin.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)441-449
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónJournal of Fish Diseases
Volumen33
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 may 2010

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ciencias acuáticas
  • Veterinaria (miscelánea)

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