Factors associated with early childhood caries in Chile

Lorena Hoffmeister, Patricia Moya, Carolina Vidal, Dafna Benadof

Resultado de la investigación: Article

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: To determine the prevalence of caries and identify the associated factors among children aged 2 and 4 years in southern Chile. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a random sample of 2,987 children. Dental examinations were performed in all participating children and a self-administered survey was administered to their primary caregivers. The statistical analysis included a zero inflated negative binomial regression model. Results: The prevalence of caries was 20.3% for 2-year-olds and 52.7% for 4-year-olds. The factors associated with caries included the following: living in the Bio-Bío region, PR2year-old: 1.65 (1.10-2.47), PR4year-old: 1.44 (1.18-1.75) and having a low socioeconomic position, PR2year-old: 5.39 (2.14-13.57), PR4year-old: 3.71 (2.68-5.13) or a medium socioeconomic position, PR2year-old: 2.79 (1.06-7.33), PR4year-old: 2.70 (1.92-3.79). In 4-year-olds, a high frequency of consuming sugary drinks at bedtime (PR: 1.30; 1.06-1.59), not brushing teeth daily (PR: 1.37; 1.18-1.60), and the presence of gingivitis (PR: 1.64; 1.28-2.09) were also associated with caries. Conclusions: The high prevalence of caries in this young group is concerning. The factors associated with caries identified in this study could help in the design of preventive interventions at early ages.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)59-62
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónGaceta Sanitaria
Volumen30
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2016
Publicado de forma externa

Huella dactilar

Chile
Tooth
Gingivitis
Statistical Models
Caregivers
Cross-Sectional Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Citar esto

Hoffmeister, Lorena ; Moya, Patricia ; Vidal, Carolina ; Benadof, Dafna. / Factors associated with early childhood caries in Chile. En: Gaceta Sanitaria. 2016 ; Vol. 30, N.º 1. pp. 59-62.
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Factors associated with early childhood caries in Chile. / Hoffmeister, Lorena; Moya, Patricia; Vidal, Carolina; Benadof, Dafna.

En: Gaceta Sanitaria, Vol. 30, N.º 1, 01.01.2016, p. 59-62.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with early childhood caries in Chile

AU - Hoffmeister, Lorena

AU - Moya, Patricia

AU - Vidal, Carolina

AU - Benadof, Dafna

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Objective: To determine the prevalence of caries and identify the associated factors among children aged 2 and 4 years in southern Chile. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a random sample of 2,987 children. Dental examinations were performed in all participating children and a self-administered survey was administered to their primary caregivers. The statistical analysis included a zero inflated negative binomial regression model. Results: The prevalence of caries was 20.3% for 2-year-olds and 52.7% for 4-year-olds. The factors associated with caries included the following: living in the Bio-Bío region, PR2year-old: 1.65 (1.10-2.47), PR4year-old: 1.44 (1.18-1.75) and having a low socioeconomic position, PR2year-old: 5.39 (2.14-13.57), PR4year-old: 3.71 (2.68-5.13) or a medium socioeconomic position, PR2year-old: 2.79 (1.06-7.33), PR4year-old: 2.70 (1.92-3.79). In 4-year-olds, a high frequency of consuming sugary drinks at bedtime (PR: 1.30; 1.06-1.59), not brushing teeth daily (PR: 1.37; 1.18-1.60), and the presence of gingivitis (PR: 1.64; 1.28-2.09) were also associated with caries. Conclusions: The high prevalence of caries in this young group is concerning. The factors associated with caries identified in this study could help in the design of preventive interventions at early ages.

AB - Objective: To determine the prevalence of caries and identify the associated factors among children aged 2 and 4 years in southern Chile. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a random sample of 2,987 children. Dental examinations were performed in all participating children and a self-administered survey was administered to their primary caregivers. The statistical analysis included a zero inflated negative binomial regression model. Results: The prevalence of caries was 20.3% for 2-year-olds and 52.7% for 4-year-olds. The factors associated with caries included the following: living in the Bio-Bío region, PR2year-old: 1.65 (1.10-2.47), PR4year-old: 1.44 (1.18-1.75) and having a low socioeconomic position, PR2year-old: 5.39 (2.14-13.57), PR4year-old: 3.71 (2.68-5.13) or a medium socioeconomic position, PR2year-old: 2.79 (1.06-7.33), PR4year-old: 2.70 (1.92-3.79). In 4-year-olds, a high frequency of consuming sugary drinks at bedtime (PR: 1.30; 1.06-1.59), not brushing teeth daily (PR: 1.37; 1.18-1.60), and the presence of gingivitis (PR: 1.64; 1.28-2.09) were also associated with caries. Conclusions: The high prevalence of caries in this young group is concerning. The factors associated with caries identified in this study could help in the design of preventive interventions at early ages.

KW - Child

KW - Dental caries

KW - Preschool

KW - Socioeconomic factors

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U2 - 10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.09.005

DO - 10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.09.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84954310581

VL - 30

SP - 59

EP - 62

JO - Gaceta Sanitaria

JF - Gaceta Sanitaria

SN - 0213-9111

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ER -