Extracellular proteoglycans modify TGF-β bio-availability attenuating its signaling during skeletal muscle differentiation

Rebeca Droguett, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio, Cecilia Riquelme, Enrique Brandan

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

107 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The onset and progression of skeletal muscle regeneration are controlled by a complex set of interactions between muscle precursor cells and their environment. Satellite cells constitute the main source of muscle precursor cells for growth and repair. After skeletal muscle injury, cell-derived signals induce their re-entry into the cell cycle and their migration into the damaged zone, where they proliferate and differentiate into mature myofibers. The surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM) together with inhibitory growth factors, such as transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), also likely play an important role in growth control and muscle differentiation. Decorin, biglycan and betaglycan are proteoglycans that bind TGF-β during skeletal muscle differentiation. In this paper, we show that the binding of TGF-β to the receptors TGF-βRI and-βRII diminished in a satellite cell-derived cell line during differentiation, in spite of an increase expression of both receptors. In contrast, during the differentiation of decorin-null myoblasts (Dcn null), which lack decorin expression, the binding of TGF-β to TGF-βRI and -βRII increased concomitantly with receptors levels. Both the addition and re-expression of decorin, in these myoblasts, diminished the binding of TGF-β to its transducing receptors. Similar results were obtained when biglycan was added or over-expressed in Dcn null myoblasts. The binding of TGF-β to TGF-βRIII, alternatively known as betaglycan, was also augmented in Dcn null myoblasts and diminished by decorin, biglycan and betaglycan. These results suggest that decorin, biglycan and betaglycan compete for the binding of TGF-β to its transducing receptors. Transfection studies with the TGF-β-dependent promoter of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, coupled with luciferase, revealed that the addition of each proteoglycan diminished TGF-β-dependent activity, for both TGF-β1 and -β2. The modulation of TGF-β signaling by ECM proteoglycans diminishing the bio-availability of TGF-β for its transducing receptors appears to be a feasible mechanism for the attenuation of this inhibitory growth factor during skeletal muscle formation.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)332-341
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónMatrix Biology
Volumen25
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ago 2006

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Biología molecular

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