Sex determination in mammals is controlled by the SRY gene located on the Y chromosome. It encodes a protein containing a DNA-binding and DNA-bending domain. In spite of recent advances in the identification of the mechanisms that regulate male sex determination in mammals, the expression profile of the SRY protein in normal and sex-reversed human tissues is not well established. In order to localize the SRY protein and determine its cellular distribution and expression at different stages of development, we prepared monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against the recombinant SRY protein. One of these antibodies, LSRY1.1, recognizes a protein of 27 kDa in total lysates of HeLa SRYB3, a human cell line transfected with the SRY gene under the control of the SV40 promoter. Immunocytochemical analysis in the cell lines shows nuclear localization of the SRY protein. We have studied SRY protein expression in human tissues at different stage of fetal development until adult life and have demonstrated that the SRY protein is located in the nuclei of somatic cells and germ cells in the genital ridge during testis development. After testis determination, it can be detected until the adult stage in both germ cells and Sertoli cells. The presence of the SRY protein was also analyzed in biopsies of gonadal tissues of sex-reversal patients such as SRY-positive 46,XX males or SRY-positive 46,XX true hermaphrodites. SRY protein is detected in the nuclei of Sertoli cells of the testis and in the nuclei of granulosa cells in the ovotestis in these patients and in the nuclei of germ cells of both tissue types. These results suggest a common cellular origin for both Sertoli cells and granulosa cells.
|Número de páginas||9|
|Publicación||Journal of Experimental Zoology|
|Estado||Publicada - 1 nov. 2001|
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Animales y zoología