Evaluation of the in vitro susceptibility of Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi to tiamulin using minimum inhibitory concentration tests

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Tenacibaculosis caused by Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi is the third most important bacterial fish infection affecting the Chilean salmon industry. Losses to this disease are most frequently controlled by treatments with florfenicol and oxytetracycline. However, recent tenacibaculosis outbreaks were controlled through the extra-label, oral administration of tiamulin, resulting in high treatment efficiency. In this study, we present an analysis of susceptibility patterns of 32 T. dicentrarchi isolates and the type strain CECT 7612T to tiamulin by determining the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) according to the procedures recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute, but fixing incubation temperature to the more appropriate for the growth of T. dicentrarchi (18 ºC). The MICs of the T. dicentrarchi isolates were unimodally distributed (0.06–1.0 µg/ml range), while the CECT 7612T strain presented an MIC of 0.5 μg/ml. Calculations using Normalized Resistance Interpretation provided epidemiological cut-off values of ≤1.0 µg/ml, with the 33 T. dicentrarchi classified as wild type. In Chile, tiamulin is authorized for use in other livestock species, but application in salmonids is extra-label. Our presented in vitro results suggest that tiamulin is a viable alternative to florfenicol, specifically as tiamulin requires comparatively lower concentrations to inhibit T. dicentrarchi. Considering that tiamulin is also exclusively for veterinary use, is classified as “least important” by the World Health Organization and has not resulted in the development of bacterial resistance, pharmaceutical companies should be requested to register tiamulin and provide alternative antimicrobial treatments for the salmonid industry.

Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónJournal of Fish Diseases
DOI
EstadoEn prensa - 2022

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ciencias acuáticas
  • Veterinaria (miscelánea)

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