Energetics and diffusion of liquid water and hydrated ions through nanopores in graphene:: Ab initio molecular dynamics simulation

Raúl Guerrero-Avilés, Walter Orellana

Resultado de la investigación: Article

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The energetics and diffusion of water molecules and hydrated ions (Na+, Cl-) passing through nanopores in graphene are addressed by dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Pores of about 0.8 nm in diameter with different pore-edge passivations, with (H) and (O, H) atoms, were considered. Our MD simulations show a water flux through the hydroxylated pores of about one H2O molecule every three picoseconds, in close agreement with recent experiments that estimated a water flux of three molecules per picosecond through pores of ∼1 nm. We also find that both pores are effective in blocking hydrated Na+ and Cl- ions with large energy barriers, ranging from 12 to 15 eV. In addition, pore passivation with O atoms would increase the water transport through hydroxylated pores, due to the formation of hydrogen bonds with nearby water molecules, which is not observed in the hydrogenated pores.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)20551-20558
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volumen19
N.º31
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2017

Huella dactilar

Nanopores
Graphite
Molecular dynamics
graphene
Ions
molecular dynamics
porosity
Water
Computer simulation
Liquids
liquids
Molecules
water
ions
Passivation
simulation
Fluxes
Atoms
passivity
Energy barriers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Citar esto

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abstract = "The energetics and diffusion of water molecules and hydrated ions (Na+, Cl-) passing through nanopores in graphene are addressed by dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Pores of about 0.8 nm in diameter with different pore-edge passivations, with (H) and (O, H) atoms, were considered. Our MD simulations show a water flux through the hydroxylated pores of about one H2O molecule every three picoseconds, in close agreement with recent experiments that estimated a water flux of three molecules per picosecond through pores of ∼1 nm. We also find that both pores are effective in blocking hydrated Na+ and Cl- ions with large energy barriers, ranging from 12 to 15 eV. In addition, pore passivation with O atoms would increase the water transport through hydroxylated pores, due to the formation of hydrogen bonds with nearby water molecules, which is not observed in the hydrogenated pores.",
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T1 - Energetics and diffusion of liquid water and hydrated ions through nanopores in graphene:: Ab initio molecular dynamics simulation

AU - Guerrero-Avilés, Raúl

AU - Orellana, Walter

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N2 - The energetics and diffusion of water molecules and hydrated ions (Na+, Cl-) passing through nanopores in graphene are addressed by dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Pores of about 0.8 nm in diameter with different pore-edge passivations, with (H) and (O, H) atoms, were considered. Our MD simulations show a water flux through the hydroxylated pores of about one H2O molecule every three picoseconds, in close agreement with recent experiments that estimated a water flux of three molecules per picosecond through pores of ∼1 nm. We also find that both pores are effective in blocking hydrated Na+ and Cl- ions with large energy barriers, ranging from 12 to 15 eV. In addition, pore passivation with O atoms would increase the water transport through hydroxylated pores, due to the formation of hydrogen bonds with nearby water molecules, which is not observed in the hydrogenated pores.

AB - The energetics and diffusion of water molecules and hydrated ions (Na+, Cl-) passing through nanopores in graphene are addressed by dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Pores of about 0.8 nm in diameter with different pore-edge passivations, with (H) and (O, H) atoms, were considered. Our MD simulations show a water flux through the hydroxylated pores of about one H2O molecule every three picoseconds, in close agreement with recent experiments that estimated a water flux of three molecules per picosecond through pores of ∼1 nm. We also find that both pores are effective in blocking hydrated Na+ and Cl- ions with large energy barriers, ranging from 12 to 15 eV. In addition, pore passivation with O atoms would increase the water transport through hydroxylated pores, due to the formation of hydrogen bonds with nearby water molecules, which is not observed in the hydrogenated pores.

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