Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife and species conservation

Resultado de la investigación: Article

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

There has been an increase in the emergence and reemergence of human infectious diseases on a global scale, and zoonotic diseases in which wildlife serves as the reservoir are a large contributing factor. Faced with this situation, there is a necessity to create integrated prevention strategies and predictive models to determine the sites most vulnerable to the emergence of new zoonoses. Cases have been documented in which pathogens responsible for infectious diseases in wild species have been readily transmitted between hosts and have threatened vulnerable declining populations. Habitat destruction and man-made changes in the landscape together with the introduction of alien species are significant environmental variables that affect the ecology of infectious diseases. Thus, the loss of biodiversity is illustrated to be related to both the emergence of new or the exacerbation of existing vectorborne zoonotic diseases through mechanisms such as the loss of the dilution effect and ecological release and simplification. Hence, it is important to consider this factor when assessing disease risk and disease prevention in domestic animals and humans. Diseases like leptospirosis in which water plays an important role are ecosystem health diseases; in fact, the reported higher prevalence of Leptospira spp. in river otters in southern Chile compared with species less adapted to aquatic environments and with terrestrial domestic carnivores provides evidence that man-made landscape alterations, including the introduction of alien species, has exacerbated the transmission and prevalence of leptospirosis in wildlife and thus the risk of human infection.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número de artículoOH-0004-2012
PublicaciónMicrobiology spectrum
Volumen1
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2013

Huella dactilar

Emerging Communicable Diseases
species conservation
infectious disease
nature conservation
Zoonoses
Communicable Diseases
Leptospirosis
Ecosystem
Otters
introduced species
Leptospira
Chile
Biodiversity
Domestic Animals
Vulnerable Populations
Ecology
Rivers
ecosystem health
carnivore
aquatic environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Ecology
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Physiology

Citar esto

@article{fe5c2f16c91a41479ae6c2495c6a094e,
title = "Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife and species conservation",
abstract = "There has been an increase in the emergence and reemergence of human infectious diseases on a global scale, and zoonotic diseases in which wildlife serves as the reservoir are a large contributing factor. Faced with this situation, there is a necessity to create integrated prevention strategies and predictive models to determine the sites most vulnerable to the emergence of new zoonoses. Cases have been documented in which pathogens responsible for infectious diseases in wild species have been readily transmitted between hosts and have threatened vulnerable declining populations. Habitat destruction and man-made changes in the landscape together with the introduction of alien species are significant environmental variables that affect the ecology of infectious diseases. Thus, the loss of biodiversity is illustrated to be related to both the emergence of new or the exacerbation of existing vectorborne zoonotic diseases through mechanisms such as the loss of the dilution effect and ecological release and simplification. Hence, it is important to consider this factor when assessing disease risk and disease prevention in domestic animals and humans. Diseases like leptospirosis in which water plays an important role are ecosystem health diseases; in fact, the reported higher prevalence of Leptospira spp. in river otters in southern Chile compared with species less adapted to aquatic environments and with terrestrial domestic carnivores provides evidence that man-made landscape alterations, including the introduction of alien species, has exacerbated the transmission and prevalence of leptospirosis in wildlife and thus the risk of human infection.",
author = "G. Medina-Vogel",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0004-2012",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
journal = "Microbiology spectrum",
issn = "2165-0497",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "2",

}

Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife and species conservation. / Medina-Vogel, G.

En: Microbiology spectrum, Vol. 1, N.º 2, OH-0004-2012, 2013.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife and species conservation

AU - Medina-Vogel, G.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - There has been an increase in the emergence and reemergence of human infectious diseases on a global scale, and zoonotic diseases in which wildlife serves as the reservoir are a large contributing factor. Faced with this situation, there is a necessity to create integrated prevention strategies and predictive models to determine the sites most vulnerable to the emergence of new zoonoses. Cases have been documented in which pathogens responsible for infectious diseases in wild species have been readily transmitted between hosts and have threatened vulnerable declining populations. Habitat destruction and man-made changes in the landscape together with the introduction of alien species are significant environmental variables that affect the ecology of infectious diseases. Thus, the loss of biodiversity is illustrated to be related to both the emergence of new or the exacerbation of existing vectorborne zoonotic diseases through mechanisms such as the loss of the dilution effect and ecological release and simplification. Hence, it is important to consider this factor when assessing disease risk and disease prevention in domestic animals and humans. Diseases like leptospirosis in which water plays an important role are ecosystem health diseases; in fact, the reported higher prevalence of Leptospira spp. in river otters in southern Chile compared with species less adapted to aquatic environments and with terrestrial domestic carnivores provides evidence that man-made landscape alterations, including the introduction of alien species, has exacerbated the transmission and prevalence of leptospirosis in wildlife and thus the risk of human infection.

AB - There has been an increase in the emergence and reemergence of human infectious diseases on a global scale, and zoonotic diseases in which wildlife serves as the reservoir are a large contributing factor. Faced with this situation, there is a necessity to create integrated prevention strategies and predictive models to determine the sites most vulnerable to the emergence of new zoonoses. Cases have been documented in which pathogens responsible for infectious diseases in wild species have been readily transmitted between hosts and have threatened vulnerable declining populations. Habitat destruction and man-made changes in the landscape together with the introduction of alien species are significant environmental variables that affect the ecology of infectious diseases. Thus, the loss of biodiversity is illustrated to be related to both the emergence of new or the exacerbation of existing vectorborne zoonotic diseases through mechanisms such as the loss of the dilution effect and ecological release and simplification. Hence, it is important to consider this factor when assessing disease risk and disease prevention in domestic animals and humans. Diseases like leptospirosis in which water plays an important role are ecosystem health diseases; in fact, the reported higher prevalence of Leptospira spp. in river otters in southern Chile compared with species less adapted to aquatic environments and with terrestrial domestic carnivores provides evidence that man-made landscape alterations, including the introduction of alien species, has exacerbated the transmission and prevalence of leptospirosis in wildlife and thus the risk of human infection.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84958966668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0004-2012

DO - 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0004-2012

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84958966668

VL - 1

JO - Microbiology spectrum

JF - Microbiology spectrum

SN - 2165-0497

IS - 2

M1 - OH-0004-2012

ER -