Emergence and Communication in Computational Sociology

Mauricio Salgado, Nigel Gilbert

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Computational sociology models social phenomena using the concepts of emergence and downward causation. However, the theoretical status of these concepts is ambiguous; they suppose too much ontology and are invoked by two opposed sociological interpretations of social reality: the individualistic and the holistic. This paper aims to clarify those concepts and argue in favour of their heuristic value for social simulation. It does so by proposing a link between the concept of emergence and Luhmann's theory of communication. For Luhmann, society emerges from the bottom-up as communication and he describes the process by which society limits the possible selections of individuals as downward causation. It is argued that this theory is well positioned to overcome some epistemological drawbacks in computational sociology.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)87-110
Número de páginas24
PublicaciónJournal for the Theory of Social Behaviour
Volumen43
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - mar 2013

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Psicología social
  • Filosofía
  • Psicología (todo)

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