Effect of aquatic resistance interval training and dietary education program on physical and psychological health in older women: Randomized controlled trial

Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Bernardo J. Cuestas-Calero, José Manuel García de Frutos, Rodrigo Yáñez-Sepúlveda, Pablo Jorge Marcos-Pardo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Due to demographic changes, the world’s population is progressively aging. The physiological deterioration of the older adult may lead to reduced balance capacity and increased risk of falls, among others, due to the prevalence of degenerative diseases. Physical exercise can be effective in reducing the risk of disease and slowing functional decline in older people. The aim of the research is to test the effects of aquatic resistance training and dietary education on health indicators, strength, balance, functional autonomy, perception of satisfaction with life. Thirty-four participants aged 69 ± 4 years were randomly assigned into two groups: experimental (aquatic resistance interval training) and control group (no intervention). The intervention consisted of resistance training in an aquatic environment carried out for 14 weeks (three sessions per week: 60 min each). All variables were analyzed twice; pre - post intervention. Aquatic resistance training has positive effects on strength (p < 0.001), functional self-sufficiency (p < 0.001) and aerobic capacity (p < 0.001), however, no significant differences were observed in the perception of satisfaction with life and balance. Research results suggest that older women who engage in regular, scheduled aquatic resistance training have greater autonomy in performing activities of daily living, agility, gait control, and body composition variables (lower fat compartment and greater muscle mass).

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo980788
PublicaciónFrontiers in Nutrition
Volumen9
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 3 nov. 2022

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Alimentación
  • Endocrinología, diabetes y metabolismo
  • Nutrición y dietética

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