Efectos de un programa de tratamiento multidisciplinar en obesos mórbidos y obesos con comorbilidades candidatos a cirugía bariátrica

Pedro Delgado Floody, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Christian Campos Jara, Rodrigo Ramírez Campillo, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Manuel Alarcón Hormazábal, Nicole Thuillier Lepeley, Claudia Saldivia Mansilla

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

18 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: Morbid obesity is a disease that must be treated comprehensively (i.e. multi/interdisciplinary). Bariatric surgery is an effective and secure procedure for treating this health condition; however, the higher the weight is, the greater the risk of morbimortality might be. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the effects of a multidisciplinary treatment program on metabolic and anthropometric parameters and the physical condition of bariatric surgery candidates. Materials and Methods: 1 man and 9 women of ~42.5 years old, with morbid obesity ( n = 3) or obesity and comorbilities (diabetes mellitus type II, hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance) (n = 7), all of them candidates for bariatric surgery, were submitted to physical exercise, psychological support and nutritional education, 3 times a week during 3 months. 72 hours before and after the last intervention session: body mass; fat mass index; BMI; waist circumference; physical condition; glycemia; HDL, LDL and total cholesterol; and triglycerides, were assessed (with a ≥12-hour fast). Results: After intervention, body mass (p=0.004), BMI (p=0.002), fat mass index (p=0.047) and physical condition (p=0.000) showed significant changes. Despite their tendency to decrease, remaining variables did not show significant changes. Conclusions: A comprehensive reasonable-frequent, short intervention (i.e. 3 sessions per week, during 3 months) may lead to significant weight and body fat loss, apart from enhancing considerably the physical condition of candidates for bariatric surgery. Longer time and?or higher frequency in interventions might be necessary in order to modify significantly plasmatic variables.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEffects of a multidisciplinary program on morbid obese patients and patients with comorbility who are likely to be candidates for bariatric surgery
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)2011-2016
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen31
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2015

Palabras clave

  • Morbid obesity
  • Obesity
  • Physical condition
  • Physical exercise

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Nutrición y dietética

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