Efectos de un programa de ejercicio físico estructurado sobre los niveles de condición física y el estado nutricional de obesos mórbidos y obesos con comorbilidades

Pedro Delgado Floody, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Héctor Ovalle Elgueta, Manuel Concha Díaz, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Introduction: The increase of the physical condition collaborates to a decrease of the factors of risk of cardiovascular disease in morbid obese in morbid population. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a program of physical exercise on nutritional status and physical condition of obese and morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Material and methods: 18 women and 4 men between the ages of 18 and 60 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, 16 with morbid obesity and 6 with obesity and comorbidities were subjected to a program of physical exercise, with nutritional and psychological support during 5 months (3 session/week), before and 72 hours after the last meeting were evaluated: weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio respiratory fitness, bioenergetics, dynamic force maximum and hand grip strength. Results: The weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000) and the CW (p = 0.000) showed significant changes with the intervention. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not improve significantly (p > 0.05). Cardio capacity, maximum dynamic force, hand grip strength and the bioenergetics capacity improved its levels reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The intervention was feasible of developing, with high adhesion, it did not present risk for the health of the subjects and the physical condition increased significantly, in addition each 1 kg of weight lost there was a decrease of approximately 0,5 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 1 cm in the contour waist, improving the conditions of the participants.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)298-302
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen33
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - 25 mar 2016

Huella dactilar

Physical Fitness
Nutritional Status
Comorbidity
Hand Strength
Exercise
Blood Pressure
Bariatric Surgery
Weights and Measures
Energy Metabolism
Body Mass Index
Morbid Obesity
Nutritional Support
Cardiovascular Diseases
Obesity
Psychology
Health
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Citar esto

Delgado Floody, Pedro ; Caamaño Navarrete, Felipe ; Ovalle Elgueta, Héctor ; Concha Díaz, Manuel ; Jerez Mayorga, Daniel ; Osorio Poblete, Aldo. / Efectos de un programa de ejercicio físico estructurado sobre los niveles de condición física y el estado nutricional de obesos mórbidos y obesos con comorbilidades. En: Nutricion Hospitalaria. 2016 ; Vol. 33, N.º 2. pp. 298-302.
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title = "Efectos de un programa de ejercicio f{\'i}sico estructurado sobre los niveles de condici{\'o}n f{\'i}sica y el estado nutricional de obesos m{\'o}rbidos y obesos con comorbilidades",
abstract = "Introduction: The increase of the physical condition collaborates to a decrease of the factors of risk of cardiovascular disease in morbid obese in morbid population. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a program of physical exercise on nutritional status and physical condition of obese and morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Material and methods: 18 women and 4 men between the ages of 18 and 60 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, 16 with morbid obesity and 6 with obesity and comorbidities were subjected to a program of physical exercise, with nutritional and psychological support during 5 months (3 session/week), before and 72 hours after the last meeting were evaluated: weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio respiratory fitness, bioenergetics, dynamic force maximum and hand grip strength. Results: The weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000) and the CW (p = 0.000) showed significant changes with the intervention. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not improve significantly (p > 0.05). Cardio capacity, maximum dynamic force, hand grip strength and the bioenergetics capacity improved its levels reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The intervention was feasible of developing, with high adhesion, it did not present risk for the health of the subjects and the physical condition increased significantly, in addition each 1 kg of weight lost there was a decrease of approximately 0,5 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 1 cm in the contour waist, improving the conditions of the participants.",
keywords = "Morbid obesity, Obesity, Physical condition, Physical exercise",
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year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "25",
doi = "10.20960/nh.107",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "33",
pages = "298--302",
journal = "Nutricion Hospitalaria",
issn = "0212-1611",
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Efectos de un programa de ejercicio físico estructurado sobre los niveles de condición física y el estado nutricional de obesos mórbidos y obesos con comorbilidades. / Delgado Floody, Pedro; Caamaño Navarrete, Felipe; Ovalle Elgueta, Héctor; Concha Díaz, Manuel; Jerez Mayorga, Daniel; Osorio Poblete, Aldo.

En: Nutricion Hospitalaria, Vol. 33, N.º 2, 25.03.2016, p. 298-302.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efectos de un programa de ejercicio físico estructurado sobre los niveles de condición física y el estado nutricional de obesos mórbidos y obesos con comorbilidades

AU - Delgado Floody, Pedro

AU - Caamaño Navarrete, Felipe

AU - Ovalle Elgueta, Héctor

AU - Concha Díaz, Manuel

AU - Jerez Mayorga, Daniel

AU - Osorio Poblete, Aldo

PY - 2016/3/25

Y1 - 2016/3/25

N2 - Introduction: The increase of the physical condition collaborates to a decrease of the factors of risk of cardiovascular disease in morbid obese in morbid population. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a program of physical exercise on nutritional status and physical condition of obese and morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Material and methods: 18 women and 4 men between the ages of 18 and 60 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, 16 with morbid obesity and 6 with obesity and comorbidities were subjected to a program of physical exercise, with nutritional and psychological support during 5 months (3 session/week), before and 72 hours after the last meeting were evaluated: weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio respiratory fitness, bioenergetics, dynamic force maximum and hand grip strength. Results: The weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000) and the CW (p = 0.000) showed significant changes with the intervention. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not improve significantly (p > 0.05). Cardio capacity, maximum dynamic force, hand grip strength and the bioenergetics capacity improved its levels reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The intervention was feasible of developing, with high adhesion, it did not present risk for the health of the subjects and the physical condition increased significantly, in addition each 1 kg of weight lost there was a decrease of approximately 0,5 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 1 cm in the contour waist, improving the conditions of the participants.

AB - Introduction: The increase of the physical condition collaborates to a decrease of the factors of risk of cardiovascular disease in morbid obese in morbid population. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a program of physical exercise on nutritional status and physical condition of obese and morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Material and methods: 18 women and 4 men between the ages of 18 and 60 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, 16 with morbid obesity and 6 with obesity and comorbidities were subjected to a program of physical exercise, with nutritional and psychological support during 5 months (3 session/week), before and 72 hours after the last meeting were evaluated: weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio respiratory fitness, bioenergetics, dynamic force maximum and hand grip strength. Results: The weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000) and the CW (p = 0.000) showed significant changes with the intervention. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not improve significantly (p > 0.05). Cardio capacity, maximum dynamic force, hand grip strength and the bioenergetics capacity improved its levels reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The intervention was feasible of developing, with high adhesion, it did not present risk for the health of the subjects and the physical condition increased significantly, in addition each 1 kg of weight lost there was a decrease of approximately 0,5 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 1 cm in the contour waist, improving the conditions of the participants.

KW - Morbid obesity

KW - Obesity

KW - Physical condition

KW - Physical exercise

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84981216518&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.20960/nh.107

DO - 10.20960/nh.107

M3 - Article

C2 - 27238789

AN - SCOPUS:85021308658

VL - 33

SP - 298

EP - 302

JO - Nutricion Hospitalaria

JF - Nutricion Hospitalaria

SN - 0212-1611

IS - 2

ER -