Efecto de dos programas de entrenamiento con diferente distribución de intensidad (polarizada vs umbral) en el rendimiento aeróbico en ciclistas entrenados

Tomas Rivera-Kofler, Juan Pablo Zavala-Crichton, Jorge Olivares-Arancibia, Rodrigo Yáñez-Sepúlveda

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Currently there are two most used training models that condition the work methodology in endurance athletes: Threshold Training (UMB) and polarized training (POL). The objective of the present study was to compare the effect of both programs on the aerobic performance of trained cyclists. The research included 18 athletes who were randomly distributed in the BMU group (n= 9; age 38 ± 7 years; height 171.8 ± 6.9 cm; body weight 74.10 ± 10.94) and the POL group (n= 9; age 31.4 ± 12.2 years; height 167.5 ± 6.7 cm; weight 63.88 ± 5.37) who completed 4 weeks of training. Both methodologies were executed under similar characteristics in terms of total training time (BMU; 1085 min / wk; POL; 1024 min/wk) but with different intensity distribution (BMU= 70% in zone 1; 30% in zone 2; 0% in zone 3; POL= 88% in zone 1; 0% in zone 2; 12% in zone 3). Body weight (kg) and functional threshold power (PUF) were measured before and after each programming. Only group with POL load reduced their body weight after the program (POL= -1.38%; p = 0.003). Also, group POL improved their PUF (5.48%; p= 0.012) and by default the watt values per kilogram of weight (V/kg) they were increased (7.17%; p= 0.015). Compared to UMB intensity distribution, 4 weeks of POL training improves aerobic performance in trained cyclists.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEffect of two training schedules with different distribution of intensity (polarized vs threshold) in the aerobic performance in trained cyclists
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)686-690
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónRetos
N.º39
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2021

Palabras clave

  • Aerobic performance
  • Functional threshold
  • Intensity
  • Intensity distribution
  • Training

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Educación
  • Terapia física, deportiva y rehabilitación
  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte

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