Diferencias entre índice de masa corporal real y el percibido en mujeres universitarias de Chile, Panamá y Guatemala

Samuel Durán Agüero, Víctor Díaz Narváez, Jiniva Record Cornwall, Karla Cordón Arrivillaga, Claudia Encina Vega, Mónica Araya Pérez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: The self-perception of nutritional status is associated to obesity risk. Objective: To determine agreement between measured nutritional status and body image perception among female university students in Chile, Panama and Guatemala. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 499 university students: 247 from Chile, 187 from Panama, and 64 from Guatemala. All participants completed the EAT-26 questionnaire and were shown anatomical models corresponding to body mass index (BMI) values of 18, 22, 25, 27, 30, 35 and 40 kg/m2. Students were asked to choose the model that best reflected their own body type, after which anthropometry was measured. Measured BMI was calculated and compared to perceived BMI. Results: Perceived and measured BMI differed significantly among students in Chile and Guatemala; no statistical difference was found for Panamanian students. Agreement between perceived and actual BMI was highest among Guatemalan students. Conclusions: The best agreement the Panama students, however Chilean and Guatemala students showed differences, indicating possible body image dissatisfaction or lack of accurate self-perception, which could result in risk for obtaining appropriate nutritional status.

Título traducido de la contribuciónDifferences between actual body mass index and perceibed body mass index in female university students of Chile, Panama and Guatemala
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)29-36
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónNutricion Clinica y Dietetica Hospitalaria
Volumen34
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2014

Palabras clave

  • Body image
  • Body mass index
  • Nutritional status
  • Obesity
  • Universitary students

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Nutrición y dietética

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