Determinantes sociales de salud, sobrecarga familiar y calidad de vida de cuidadores familiares de pacientes oncológicos en cuidados paliativos

Maria C. Toffoletto, Katiuska L. Reynaldos-Grandón

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Objective To determine which structural, intermediary, and family overload factors explain the quality of life of family caregivers of cancer patients receiving palliative care based on the Determinants of Health proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). Materials and Methods Analytical, cross-sectional study with a non-probabilistic sample of 212 family caregivers of cancer patients. The variable ‘quality of life’ was measured using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 v.2). For the descriptive analysis, relative frequencies, means and standard deviations were used. To analyze the effect of structural and intermediary determinants and overload on quality of life, different linear regression models were estimated. These models were calculated with robust standard errors to deal with possible problems based on the assumption of heterocedasticity. Results The best levels of health were associated with physical function, with a mean score of 86.9 points, while social function reported an average of 51.4. The structural and intermediary variables, in the case of physical and mental health, had a statistically significant relationship with sex and caregiver overload. Being a widower decreased the mental health scale by 13.4 points in relation to married people; having a history of morbidity reduced the mental health scale by 9.4 points. Conclusions The female sex and overload affect the quality of life and health of caregivers. Further studies should focus on the person with cancer, sex and caregiver overload.

Título traducido de la contribuciónSocial determinants of health, family overload and quality of life in family caregivers of cancer patients receiving palliative care
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)154-160
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista de Salud Publica
Volumen21
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2019

Palabras clave

  • Cancer care facilities
  • Caregivers
  • Hospital
  • Oncology service
  • Palliative care
  • Social determinants of health

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Salud pública, medioambiental y laboral

Huella Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Determinantes sociales de salud, sobrecarga familiar y calidad de vida de cuidadores familiares de pacientes oncológicos en cuidados paliativos'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto