Desafíos en la atención sanitaria de migrantes internacionales en Chile

Margarita Bernales, Báltica Cabieses, Ana María McIntyre, Macarena Chepo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

11 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objectives. To investigate the perceptions of primary health workers (PHW) about the challenges of health care for migrants. Materials and methods. A qualitative multicase study was conducted in eight communes of Chile, using the snowball technique, where 101 PHW and local authorities were recruited. Semi-structured interviews and focal groups were conducted, achieving information saturation. Results. The findings were grouped into two major thematic axes: 1. Technical and administrative difficulties, and 2. Perception of cultural barriers. According to the PHW, although regulations have been established and health care strategies have been generated for the migrant population, these are mostly not stable or known to all PHW. They are also not easy to implement in the various realities investigated. The absence of records on the number of migrants accessing the health system makes it difficult to design specific interventions. Additionally, health care has complications, and the PHW do not necessarily have tools that allow them to provide a care that is culturally sensitive to the needs of the migrant community. Conclusions. The findings put into question the new challenges in health that Chile is facing in the face of the growing migrant population. The needs perceived by PHW are: stability and clarity in the regulations in force in relation to access and provision of services, training in regulations and the concrete way in which they should operate, and sensitization in cultural competence.

Título traducido de la contribuciónChallenges in the health care of international migrants in Chile
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)167-175
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volumen34
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 abr 2017
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Chile
  • Health personnel. (source: MeSH NLM)
  • Human migration
  • Primary health care

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Salud pública, medioambiental y laboral

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